Searching over 5,500,000 cases.


searching
Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

McCleland v. Raemisch

United States District Court, D. Colorado

February 28, 2019

ROBERT JW McCLELAND, Plaintiff,
v.
RICK RAEMISCH, RISHI ARIOLA-TIRELLA, RENAE JORDAN, SUSAN TIONA, DEBORAH BORREGO, JOANNE McGREW, and DAYNA JOHNSON, Defendants.

          ORDER AND RECOMMENDATION OF UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE

          NINA Y. WANG UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE

         This matter comes before the court on two motions:

         (1) Defendants Rick Raemsich, Renae Jordan, and Susan Tiona's Motion to Dismiss Pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P. 12(b)(6) (the “Motion to Dismiss”), filed January 24, 2019, see [#51]; and

         (2) Plaintiff Robert JW McCleland's (“Plaintiff” or “Mr. McCleland”) Motion for Leave to File Amended Complaint (the “Motion to Amend”), filed February 14, 2019, see [#59].

         The presiding judge, the Honorable Philip A. Brimmer, referred the Motions to the undersigned pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b) and the Memoranda dated January 25 and February 15, 2019 [#52; #60]. Having reviewed the Motions and associated briefing, applicable case law, and entire docket, this court CONSTRUES the Motion to Amend as a Notice of filing an amended pleading by consent pursuant to D.C.COLO.LCivR 15.1(a) and respectfully RECOMMENDS that the Motion to Dismiss be DENIED AS MOOT.

         BACKGROUND

         Plaintiff initiated this action by filing his pro se Complaint on January 29, 2018, alleging that several Colorado Department of Corrections employees were and/or are deliberately indifferent to his serious medical condition of Hepatitis-C. See generally [#1]. Per the Honorable Gordon P. Gallagher's directive, Plaintiff filed an Amended Complaint on March 16, 2018. [#12]. Magistrate Judge Gallagher then granted Mr. McCleland leave to file a Second and Third Amended Complaint. See [#16; #19]. Then, on October 11, 2018, the Honorable Lewis T. Babcock drew Plaintiff's Third Amended Complaint in its entirety to Judge Brimmer and the undersigned. See [#21].

         The United States Marshals Service served the Third Amended Complaint on the named Defendants. See [#22; #26; #33; #34; #38]. After the court granted extensions of time to answer or respond to the Third Amended Complaint but before Defendants responded, Mr. McCleland sought leave to file a Fourth Amended Complaint on December 21, 2018. See [#43]. Because Defendants did not object to Plaintiff's request, this court construed Plaintiff's Motion as a Notice of filing an amended pleading by consent pursuant to D.C.COLO.LCivR 15.1(a), and directed the Clerk of the Court to docket Plaintiff's Fourth Amended Complaint as the operative pleading. See [#48]. The Fourth Amended Complaint became the operative pleading on January 10, 2018. See [#49].

         On January 24, 2019, Defendants Rick Raemsich, Deborah Borrego, Dayna Johnson, Susan Tiona, and Renae Jordan (collectively, “CDOC Defendants”)[1] filed an Answer to the Fourth Amended Complaint and Defendants Rick Raemsich, Renae Jordan, and Susan Tiona filed the instant Motion to Dismiss. See [#50; #51]. Plaintiff responded to the Motion to Dismiss on February 14, 2019. See [#58]. That same day, he also filed the instant Motion to Amend, requesting leave to file a Fifth Amended Complaint. See [#59]. The CDOC Defendants have since responded to the Motion to Amend, indicating that they do not oppose the requested relief. See [#62]. Thus, this court concludes that the Motions are ripe for resolution.

         ANALYSIS

         Rule 15(a)(2) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure governs the instant Motion to Amend, and provides that leave to amend “shall be freely given when justice so requires.” Fed.R.Civ.P. 15(a)(2). The court may refuse leave to amend upon a showing of undue delay, undue prejudice to the opposing party, bad faith or dilatory motive, failure to cure deficiencies by amendments previously allowed, or futility of amendment. Frank v. U.S. West, Inc., 3 F.3d 1357, 1365 (10th Cir. 1993). The District's Local Rule of Civil Practice 15.1(a) also contemplates that a party may file an amended pleading with the consent of the opposing party. D.C.COLO.LCivR 15.1(a). Whether to allow amendment is within the trial court's discretion. Burks v. Oklahoma Publ'g Co., 81 F.3d 975, 978-79 (10th Cir. 1996).

         Here, Mr. McCleland seeks leave to file a Fifth Amended Complaint to address the deficiencies identified in the Motion to Dismiss. See [#59]. The CDOC Defendants do not oppose the Motion to Amend. [#62 at ¶ 8]. Thus, this court construes the Motion to Amend as a Notice of filing an amended pleading by consent pursuant to D.C.COLO.LCivR 15.1(a), rendering the Fifth Amended Complaint the operative pleading in this matter.

         Additionally, an amended pleading supersedes the pleading it modifies, thereby mooting any motions to dismiss directed at an inoperative pleading. See Gotfredson v. Larsen LP, 432 F.Supp.2d 1163, 1172 (D. Colo. 2006). Accordingly, the Motion to Dismiss is directed at an inoperative pleading, rendering it moot. See Strich v. United States, No. 09-cv-01913-REB-KLM, 2010 WL 14826, at *1 (D. Colo. Jan. 11, 2010) (citations omitted) (“The filing of an amended complaint moots a motion to dismiss directed at the complaint that is supplanted and superseded.”). Indeed, the CDOC Defendants appear to concede this point in their Response to the Motion to Amend, and assert, “[t]o the extent that there are defects in Plaintiff's Fifth ...


Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.