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Sutton v. Hydenthal

United States District Court, D. Colorado

April 4, 2018

JOSHUA LAMONT SUTTON, Plaintiff,
v.
LT. HYDENTHAL, LT. RILEY, MR. CELLA, SGT. TAYLOR, MRS. SANTOS, and MRS. MILLER, Defendants.

          REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION ON PLAINTIFF'S DECLARED MOTION FOR CLASS ACTION CERTIFICATION - DUE TO PENDING MOTION FOR COUNSEL (DOCKET NO. 28)

          Michael J. Watanabe United States Magistrate Judge.

         This case is before the Court pursuant to an Order Referring Case entered by Judge Raymond P. Moore on February 12, 2018. (Docket No. 19.) Now before the Court is Plaintiff's Declared Motion for Class Action Certification - Due to Pending Motion for Counsel (Docket No. 28). Defendants have not filed a response. Judge Moore referred the subject motion to the undersigned Magistrate Judge on February 26, 2018. (Docket No. 29.) The Court has carefully considered the motion. The Court has taken judicial notice of the Court's file and has considered the applicable Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and case law. The Court now being fully informed makes the following findings of fact, conclusions of law, and recommendation.

         Judge Lewis T. Babcock succinctly summarized Plaintiff's claims in his Order to Dismiss in Part and to Assign Case, entered on February 9, 2018. (Docket No. 18.) Plaintiff seeks to certify a class action regarding the allegedly unlawful conduct that occurred while he was incarcerated at the Arrowhead Correctional Center (“ACC”). Plaintiff's Second Amended Complaint (Docket No. 16) asserts two claims for relief: (1) the § 1983 claims asserted against Defendants Hydenthal, Riley, Taylor, Santos and Miller, in their individual capacities, for violation of Plaintiff's rights under the First Amendment free exercise clause, the Fourteenth Amendment equal protection clause, and for unconstitutional retaliation; and, (2) the §1983 claims asserted against Defendant Cella, in his individual capacity, for unconstitutional retaliation.

         There are four prerequisites for class certification:

(1) the class is so numerous that joinder of all members is impracticable;
(2) there are questions of law or fact common to the class;
(3) the claims or defenses of the representative parties are typical of the claims or defenses of the class; and
(4) the representative parties will fairly and adequately protect the interests of the class.

Fed. R. Civ. P. 23(a). The party seeking to certify a class bears the burden of proving that all the requirements of Rule 23 are met. See Vallario v. Vandehey, 554 F.3d 1259, 1267 (10th Cir. 2009). The Court is required to engage in a “rigorous analysis” into whether the requirements of Rule 23 are satisfied. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. v. Dukes, 564 U.S. 338, 350-51 (2011).

         Here, Plaintiff has not met his burden under Rule 23. Indeed, he failed to establish the first prerequisite. In order to meet the numerosity requirement, Plaintiff needed to only define the class adequately and then establish that the class is so numerous that joinder of all members is impractical. See Neiberger v. Hawkins, 208 F.R.D. 301, 313 (D. Colo. 2002). While there is no set formula to determine if a class is so numerous that it should be certified, Plaintiff was required to present “some evidence of established, ascertainable numbers constituting the class in order to satisfy even the most liberal interpretation of the numerosity requirement.” Rex v. Owens ex rel. State of Okl., 585 F.2d 432, 436 (10th Cir. 1978). In neither his Second Am ended Complaint (Docket No. 16) nor the subject motion does Plaintiff even allege, much less establish, the number of inmates, Muslim or otherwise, that were affected by the allegedly unconstitutional conduct. He therefore cannot demonstrate that the joinder of these inmates is impracticable.

         Because Plaintiff has not met the very first threshold requirement, the Court declines to consider whether he has established the commonality, typicality, and representational requirements.

         Wherefore, it is hereby RECOMMENDED that Plaintiff's Declared Motion for Class Action Certification - Due to Pending Motion for Counsel, (Docket No. 28) be DENIED.

         NOTICE: Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C) and Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(b)(2), the parties have fourteen (14) days after service of this recommendation to serve and file specific written objections to the above recommendation with the District Judge assigned to the case. A party may respond to another party's objections within fourteen (14) days after being served with a copy. The District Judge need not consider frivolous, conclusive, or general objections. A party's failure to file and serve such written, specific objections waives de novo review of the recommendation by the District Judge, Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 148-53 (1985), and also waives ...


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