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Leadholm v. City of Commerce City
United States District Court, D. Colorado
August 8, 2017
CARL LEADHOLM, Plaintiff,
CITY OF COMMERCE CITY, COLORADO, CHRISTOPHER DICKEY, JJ ROUANZOIN, JEREMY JENKINS, and MICHAEL DIENER, Defendants.
ORDER RE: IN CAMERA REVIEW
Michael E. Hegarty, United States Magistrate Judge.
26, 2017, this Court held a discovery conference at the
parties' request. During the conference, Defendants
objected to Plaintiff's redaction of certain medical
records. The parties provided the Court with both redacted
and unredacted copies of the challenged records for in
camera review. To determine whether the records are
properly redacted, the Court must consider both the
Plaintiff's allegations and the applicable law.
Court has set forth the Plaintiff's allegations in its
May 9, 2017 order on the Defendants' motion to dismiss as
On November 18, 2014, the Plaintiff, Carl Leadholm, was
driving home after working a full day at a recycling company.
At some point during his drive home, Plaintiff suffered from
a medical condition due to low levels of glucose in his
blood, which caused him dizziness and blurred vision. This
condition caused Plaintiff to swerve his vehicle and drive
erratically. Defendants Dickey and Rouanzoin first
encountered Plaintiff on the road, saw the vehicle swerving,
and pulled him over to the side of the road. Rather than ask
Plaintiff whether he was alright, Dickey and Rouanzoin
immediately started to shout at him. Dickey and Rouanzoin did
not attempt to secure any information from Plaintiff
regarding his identity, nor explain why they pulled him over.
The officers did not ask any questions about Plaintiff's
medical condition. Rather, they opened the car door, pulled
Plaintiff out, and slammed him onto the pavement.
Plaintiff, who had no previous interaction with law
enforcement, curled into a fetal position on the pavement to
protect himself. When Dickey and Rouanzoin pulled Plaintiff
out of the vehicle, the truck was still in
“drive” and it began to roll into oncoming
traffic. Rouanzoin chased and entered the vehicle, stopped
it, and shut the engine off.
While Plaintiff was still on the ground, Dickey and Rouanzoin
jammed Plaintiff's face into the pavement. At that point,
Defendant Diener sprayed Plaintiff in the face with pepper
spray, then Dickey, Rouanzoin, Jenkins, Diener, and Lord (the
“Individual Defendants”) struck Plaintiff with
batons in the legs. During this beating, Dickey accidently
struck Rouanzoin with his baton. Dickey also applied multiple
taser strikes to Plaintiff. Further, the Individual
Defendants wrenched Plaintiff's right hand behind his
back causing pain and damage to his hand, fingers, and
rotator cuff. These injuries necessitated two surgeries.
Plaintiff will require additional surgeries every ten years
to replace the joint in his finger.
Plaintiff did not resist the police officer's attempts to
physically restrain him. Eventually, an ambulance was called
to provide emergency care for Plaintiff. When the paramedics
gave him a chance to speak, Plaintiff indicated that he was
diabetic and did not feel well. The paramedics tested
Plaintiff's blood glucose level and found his readings to
be at a level of 35.
to information from the University of Michigan's Health
System Department of Metabolism, Endocrinology and Diabetes
pertaining to hypoglycemia-or low blood glucose-a blood
glucose reading of 35 is defined as follows:
The symptoms of severe low blood sugar develop when blood
sugar falls below 35-40 mg/dL and may include:
* Seizures or convulsions
* Loss of consciousness, ...