United States District Court, D. Colorado
Wiley Y. Daniel Senior United States District Judge
I. INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND
This matter is before the Court on Defendant’s “Motion to Dismiss Complaint and this Action” pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P. 12(b)(6) (ECF No. 14), filed September 22, 2015. Plaintiffs filed a response in opposition to the motion, and Defendant filed its reply, making the motion ripe for a decision. The motion is denied as set forth below.
This case arises out of the Plaintiffs’ alleged discriminatory termination from their employment with the Defendant based on their ages in violation of 28 U.S.C. §§ 621, et seq. (“ADEA”). By way of background, Plaintiffs Lee and Stroup were employed by United Airlines as flight attendants. Mrs. Stroup worked for United Airlines (“United”) for approximately 35 years and flew approximately 30, 000 flight hours without incident. Mrs. Stroup was born on September 6, 1958.
Mr. Lee worked for United for approximately 40 years and received multiple awards and prestigious assignments because of his “stellar customer service, enthusiasm, loyalty, and attention to safety issues.” (Compl. ¶ 24). Mr. Lee was born on January 24, 1952.
On September 20, 2013, Plaintiffs Lee and Stroup were observed to have allegedly violated United flight attendant guidelines during flight 721 from Denver, Colorado to San Francisco, California. The violations included failing to wear aprons and watching an ipad for approximately 15 minutes. Plaintiffs allege that these “purported rule violations [were used] as a pretextual basis to fire them when, in reality, United terminated them because of their ages.” (Compl. ¶ 40).
On October 7, 2013, Plaintiffs “each received a Letter of Charge from United, accusing them of various disciplinary infractions, all of which were very minor, and some of which they did not commit.” (Compl. ¶ 44). “The Letter of Charge level of discipline is the most serious discipline United issues to its employees, short of unpaid leave or termination, and is one of four levels of discipline described in Plaintiffs’ Collective Bargaining Agreement (“CBA”) with United.” (Compl. ¶ 45).
Plaintiffs allege that United’s “sham” investigation of the alleged rule violations “violated its CBA with Plaintiffs, and compromised Plaintiffs’ ability to mount an effective defense against their disciplinary charges.” (Compl. ¶ 46). While Plaintiffs admitted to not wearing their aprons during food and beverage service and watching an ipad for approximately 15 minutes, they believed that these “trivial” offenses did not warrant their terminations. Plaintiffs further alleged that they were unaware that there was a rule against watching an ipad since FAA regulations allowed this type of conduct. Interestingly, Plaintiffs allege that “United now expressly permits its flight attendants to use personal electronic devices while onboard the aircraft with passengers present for business purposes, and United will soon begin providing its flight attendants with iPhones.” (Compl. ¶ 53) (emphasis in original). During United’s investigation, Plaintiffs defended themselves against the alleged rule violations, which included a November 5, 2013 disciplinary conference before United management officials including Association of Flight Attendants - CWA representative Ken Kyle.
Plaintiffs allege that on November 15, 2013, Ken Kyle called them and issued “ultimatums that United would send letters of termination out to each of them on November 19, 2013, if they did not retire by Monday, November 18, 2013.” (Compl. ¶ 57). Ken Kyle explained to Plaintiffs that “they could fight their terminations, ” which would mean that they “could potentially keep their jobs with United if they prevailed, ” but “it could take a year or more for their appeal hearings to occur, and that they would be treated as terminated employees by United while their appeals were pending, meaning that they would lose their retiree medical benefits along with their retiree pass privileges.” (Compl. ¶ 59). Additionally, Ken Kyle told the Plaintiffs that “if they lost their appeals, they would no longer be eligible for retiree medical benefits and retiree pass privileges.” (Compl. ¶ 59).
Plaintiffs did not believe that fighting their terminations was a feasible option. They were concerned that “having a termination on their employment records would significantly increase their difficulty in finding other jobs - a difficulty further compounded by [Plaintiffs’] ages ....” (Compl. ¶ 60). Additionally, Plaintiffs were concerned about losing “considerable retiree medical and travel benefits ... if United fired them.” (Compl. ¶ 60).
Alternatively, Ken Kyle also advised Plaintiffs “that they could submit notices of their retirements to United in lieu of being terminated.” (Compl. ¶ 61). This would assure Plaintiffs that “they would not lose their retiree medical benefits if they retire, and that they might also still be eligible for retiree pass privileges.” (Compl. ¶ 61). Finally, Plaintiffs alleged that Ken Kyle told them to “not wait until the last minute to notify United because of the complexity of the internal United system for processing retirement notifications, and the associated risk that their retirements would not become official before United’s November 20, 2013 deadline for mailing their written notices of termination.” (Compl. ¶ 61).
Plaintiffs allege that on November 18, 2013, they submitted their notifications of retirement to United “under  intense duress.” (Compl. ¶ 66). On June 29, 2015, Plaintiffs filed this action alleging that they were terminated due to unlawful age discrimination. Plaintiffs allege that “Defendant constructively discharged both Plaintiffs because a reasonable person in each Plaintiff’s position would have felt compelled to resign. All other options that Plaintiffs understood to be available to them would have left them markedly worse off than retiring.” (Compl. ¶ 110).
II. STANDARD OF REVIEW
A party may move to dismiss a complaint under Rule 12(b)(6) where the plaintiff has failed “to state a claim upon which relief can be granted.” Fed.R.Civ.P. 12(b)(6). The Court’s inquiry is “whether the complaint contains ‘enough facts to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.’” Ridge at Red Hawk, LLC v. Schneider, 493 F.3d 1174, 1177 (10th Cir. 2007) (quoting Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544)). “To survive a motion to dismiss, a complaint must contain sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to ‘state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.’” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, ___U.S. ___, 129 S.Ct. 1937, 1949 (2009) (quoting Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007)). When analyzing a 12(b)(6) motion, “all well-pleaded factual allegations ... are accepted as true and viewed in the light most favorable to the nonmoving party.” Sutton v. Utah State School ...