United States District Court, D. Colorado
LUIS ANTONIO JUAREZ MARTINEZ, individually and as surviving parent of Luis Daniel Juarez Molina, deceased, Plaintiff,
JUSTIN CARRICATO, individually and in his official capacity as an officer with the City of Colorado Springs Police Department, THE CITY OF COLORADO SPRINGS, COLORADO, JOHN AND JANE DOES 1-10, and ABC CORPORATIONS, COMPANIES, AND ENTITIES A-J, Defendants.
Kristen L. Mix United States Magistrate Judge
This matter is before the Court on Defendants’ Unopposed Motion for Protective Order [#20] (the “Motion”). Despite the title of the Motion, Defendants seek a stay of discovery until the pending Motion to Dismiss [#98] is resolved, because the Motion to Dismiss raises issues of qualified immunity and jurisdiction under the Colorado Governmental Immunity Act. Plaintiff is unopposed to the Motion. For the reasons stated below, the Court GRANTS the Motion.
This Court has long noted that the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure do not explicitly provide for a stay of proceedings in a lawsuit. String Cheese Incident, LLC v. Stylus Shows, Inc., No. 02-cv-01934-LTB-PAC, 2006 WL 894955 (D. Colo. Mar. 30, 2006). However, the Court has construed Fed.R.Civ.P. 26(c) to permit a stay of discovery “for good cause, to protect a party from undue burden or expense, ” especially when dispositive motions are pending. Id. The party who seeks a stay of discovery has the burden of demonstrating good cause, and “cannot sustain that burden by offering simply conclusory statements.” Tr. of Springs Transit Co. Emp.’s Ret. and Disability Plan v. City of Colorado Springs, No. 09-cv-02842-WYD-CBS, 2010 WL 1904509, at *4 (D. Colo. May 11, 2010). Generally, the Court requires a “particular and specific demonstration of fact” in support of a request for a stay. Id.; see also Christou v. Beatport, LLC, No. 10-cv-02912-CMA-KMT, 2011 WL 650377, at *1 (D. Colo. Feb. 10, 2011). In the context of ruling on a motion to stay, the Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals stated almost thirty years ago that “the right to proceed in court should not be denied except under the most extreme circumstances.” Commodity Futures Trading Comm’n v. Chilcott Portfolio Mgmt., Inc., 713 F.2d 1477, 1484 (10th Cir. 1983). Hence, it has long been recognized that stays are generally disfavored in this district, although the decision to grant or deny them invokes the discretion of the Court under the circumstances at issue. See, e.g., id.
Precedent amply demonstrates that the Court has broad discretion to stay an action when a dispositive motion is pending. String Cheese Incident, LLC, 2006 WL 894955 at *2 (finding that a thirty-day stay of discovery was appropriate when a motion to dismiss for lack of personal jurisdiction was pending). Indeed, “a court may decide that in a particular case it would be wise to stay discovery on the merits until [certain challenges] have been resolved.” 8 Charles Allen Wright et al., Federal Practice and Procedure § 2040, at 521-22 (2d ed. 1994) (“[W]hen one issue may be determinative of a case, the court has discretion to stay discovery on other issues until the critical issue has been decided.”); see also Vivid Techs., Inc. v. Am. Sci. & Eng’g, Inc., 200 F.3d 795, 804 (Fed. Cir. 1999) (“When a particular issue may be dispositive, the court may stay discovery concerning other issues until the critical issue is resolved.”); Nankivil v. Lockheed Martin Corp., 216 F.R.D. 689, 692 (M.D. Fla. 2003) (holding that a stay is appropriate if “resolution of a preliminary motion may dispose of the entire action”).
Finally, the factors to be applied by the Court in determining the propriety of a stay are: (1) Plaintiff’s interests in proceeding expeditiously with the action and the potential prejudice to Plaintiff resulting from a delay; (2) the burden on the Defendants; (3) the convenience to the Court; (4) the interests of persons not parties to the litigation; and (5) the public interest. String Cheese Incident, LLC, 2006 WL 894955 at *2.
1. Plaintiff’s Interests
This litigation does not differ substantially from other civil litigation, and Plaintiff is unopposed to the stay. Thus, there is apparently no issue of potential prejudice to Plaintiff’s case should a stay be imposed. This factor weighs in favor of the imposition of a stay of discovery.
2. Defendants’ Burden
This issue concerns whether Defendants will be unfairly burdened if discovery proceeds before rulings are issued on the pending dispositive motion. See, e.g., String Cheese Incident, LLC, 2006 WL 894955 at *2 (stating that “defendants, however, also would undoubtedly be prejudiced if they were forced to engage in discovery if the court eventually granted their motion to dismiss”). The Court is not inclined to prejudge the merits of the dispositive motion; however, the Court recognizes that proceeding with discovery would be wasteful should the Motion to Dismiss be granted. Thus, this factor weighs in favor of imposing a stay.
3. Convenience to the Court
Entry of a stay may cause significant delay of the resolution of this matter, which in turn makes the Court’s docket less predictable and less manageable. Moreover, the District Judge discourages litigation strategy or conduct that results in delaying the progress of litigation, including the filing of motions for extensions of time, motions for continuances of hearings, and dispositive motions generally. See WJM Practice Standards §§ II.D, III.D, III.E (Dec. 1, 2014). This factor weighs against the entry of a stay.
4. Interest of Non-Parties
The Court finds that this factor does not weigh in favor of or against imposition of a stay, as it is impossible to predict the effect of a ...