United States District Court, D. Colorado
June 24, 2015
JAMES FAIRCLOTH, Plaintiff,
MARQUEZ, Correctional Officer, in his individual capacity, and TOM BENEZE, Lt., in his individual capacity, Defendants.
KRISTEN L. MIX, Magistrate Judge.
This matter is before the Court on Plaintiff's Petition for Extension of Time for Discovery and/or Request for Stay of Proceedings to Consult with Attorney [#132] (the "Motion"). In the Motion, Plaintiff requests that this case be stayed through August 30, 2015. Motion [#129] at 1. He explains that he would like time to consult with Elisabeth Owen, an attorney with the Prisoners' Justice League of Colorado. Id. Plaintiff notes that he hopes that consulting with Ms. Owen will lead to either a possible resolution of this and his other pending lawsuits or Ms. Owen's agreement that she will represent him in this case. Id. Plaintiff also states: "Petitioner further seeks to Amend Complaint and will need such further requested time to do so...." Id. at 2. To the extent Plaintiff refers to his need to amend his claims or take additional discovery, it appears that Plaintiff simply offers this as another basis for the requested stay. Id. The Motion does not inform the Court of Defendants' position regarding the requested relief and conferral was not required because Plaintiff is an unrepresented prisoner. D.C.COLO.LCivR 7.1(b)(1). Nevertheless, the Court enters this Order pursuant to D.C.COLO.LCivR 7.1(d) ("Nothing in this rule precludes a judicial officer from ruling on a motion at any time after it is filed."), without awaiting a response from Defendants.
Although a stay of proceedings in a case is generally disfavored, the Court has discretion to enter a stay. Compare Wason Ranch Corp. v. Hecla Mining Co., No. 07-cv-00267-EWN-MEH, 2007 WL 1655362, at *1 (D. Colo. June 6, 2007) ("A stay of all discovery is generally disfavored in this District." (citation omitted)); with Ellis v. J.R.'s Country Stores, Inc., No. 12-cv-01916-CMA-KLM, 2012 WL 6153513, at *1 (D. Colo. Dec. 11, 2012) (granting stay of proceedings). The "[C]ourt has inherent power to stay proceedings to control the disposition of the causes on its docket with economy of time and effort for itself, for counsel, and for litigants.'" Ellis, 2012 WL 6153513, at *1 (quoting Landis, 299 U.S. at 254 (observing that docket management "calls for the exercise of judgment, which must weigh competing interests and maintain an even balance")); Vivid Techs., Inc. v. Am. Sci. & Eng'g, Inc., 200 F.3d 795, 804 (Fed. Cir.1999) ("When a particular issue may be dispositive, the court may stay discovery concerning other issues until the critical issue is resolved."); Chavous v. D.C. Fin. Responsibility & Mgmt. Assistance Auth., 201 F.R.D. 1, 2 (D.D.C.2001) ("A stay of discovery pending the determination of a dispositive motion is an eminently logical means to prevent wasting the time and effort of all concerned, and to make the most efficient use of judicial resources." (internal quotation marks and citation omitted)); see also String Cheese Incident, LLC v. Stylus Shows, Inc., No. 05-cv-01934-LTB-PAC, 2006 WL 894955, at *2 (D. Colo. Mar. 30, 2006) (finding that a thirty day stay of discovery was appropriate when a motion to dismiss for lack of personal jurisdiction was pending); Nankivil v. Lockheed Martin Corp., 216 F.R.D. 689, 692 (M.D. Fla. 2003) (finding that a stay may be appropriate if "resolution of a preliminary motion may dispose of the entire action."); 8 Charles Alan Wright, et al., Federal Practice and Procedure § 2040, at 521-22 (2d ed. 1994) ("[W]hen one issue may be determinative of a case, the court has discretion to stay discovery on other issues until the critical issue has been decided."); Vivid Techs., Inc. v. Am. Sci. & Eng'g, Inc., 200 F.3d 795, 804 (Fed. Cir. 1999) ("When a particular issue may be dispositive, the court may stay discovery concerning other issues until the critical issue is resolved."); Gilbert v. Ferry, 401 F.3d 411, 415-16 (6th Cir. 2005) (finding that staying discovery is not an abuse of discretion when a defendant has filed a motion to dismiss challenging the court's subject matter jurisdiction); Chavous v. D.C. Fin. Responsibility & Mgmt. Assistance Auth., 201 F.R.D. 1, 2 (D.D.C. 2005) ("A stay of discovery pending the determination of a dispositive motion is an eminently logical means to prevent wasting the time and effort of all concerned, and to make the most efficient use of judicial resources." (internal quotation omitted)).
When exercising its discretion to enter a stay, the Court considers the following factors: (1) the interest of the plaintiff in proceeding expeditiously and the potential prejudice to the plaintiff of a delay; (2) the burden on the defendant; (3) the convenience to the Court; (4) the interests of nonparties; and (5) the public interest. String Cheese Incident, LLC, 2006 WL 894955, at *2 (citing FDIC v. Renda, No. 85-2216-O, 1987 WL 348635, at *2 (D. Kan. Aug. 6, 1987)).
In this case, a stay would apparently not prejudice Plaintiff because he requests the stay. Motion [#132] at 2. Therefore, the Court finds that the first String Cheese Incident factor weighs in favor of a stay.
With regard to the second factor, the Court does not know if Defendants oppose the requested relief. However, the Court notes that the requested stay is of short duration and that if Plaintiff does obtain the assistance of an attorney, Defendants may be able to resolve this lawsuit while conserving resources. On the other hand, Defendants recently filed their Motion for Summary Judgment [#130] and likely would prefer to have the motion adjudicated as quickly as possible in hopes that it will either narrow the issues in dispute or resolve all claims in this case. Because the Court does not know Defendants' position and the Motion for Summary Judgment was recently filed, the Court finds that the second String Cheese Incident factor weighs against a stay.
With regard to the third factor, it is certainly more convenient for the Court to enter a stay to allow Plaintiff to seek legal representation and attempt to resolve this case. The Court therefore finds that the third String Cheese Incident factor weighs in favor of a stay.
With regard to the fourth factor, there are no nonparties with significant particularized interests in this case. Accordingly, the fourth String Cheese Incident factor neither weighs in favor of nor against a stay.
With regard to the fifth and final factor, the Court finds that the public's only interest in this case is a general interest in its efficient and just resolution. Staying this proceeding to allow Plaintiff to confer with an attorney and attempt to obtain representation serves this interest. Thus, the fifth String Cheese Incident factor weighs in favor of a stay.
Considering these factors, the Court finds that a stay of short duration is appropriate in this case.
For the reasons stated above,
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the Motion [#132] is GRANTED. This case is STAYED through August 30, 2015.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that for docket management purposes, the following motions are DENIED without prejudice: Motion to Compel Discovery of Videotape in Possession of the CDOC Executive Director and His Records Keeping Personnel at CDOC in Support of Subpoena Duces Tecum [#96] and Motion for Stay of the Proceedings and Request for Status Conference and Injunctive Relief Against CDOC and Employees [#104]. The filing party may re-file any of these motions, if appropriate, after the stay is lifted.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that, on or before August 30, 2015, Plaintiff shall file a Status Report informing the Court: (1) whether he has obtained representation and (2) whether he intends to move forward with this lawsuit.
Failure to comply with this Order may result in the imposition of sanctions, including dismissal of this case.