United States District Court, D. Colorado
June 2, 2015
YOHONIA MARTIN, Plaintiff,
MSMU ONLINE, Defendant.
ORDER OF DISMISSAL
LEWIS T. BABCOCK, SENIOR JUDGE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
On April 23, 2015, Plaintiff, Yohania Martin, submitted pro se an Application to Proceed in District Court Without Prepaying Fees or Costs (ECF No. 3) and a Title VII Complaint (ECF No. 1) asserting discrimination, sexual harassment, and retaliation on the basis of race and color. On April 30, 2015, this Court granted Plaintiff’s Application to Proceed in District Court Without Prepaying Fees or Costs (ECF No. 5). As part of the Court’s review pursuant to D.C.COLO.LCivR 8.1, the Court determined that the submitted documents were deficient and directed Plaintiff to cure if she wished to pursue her claims. Specifically, Magistrate Judge Gordon P. Gallagher ordered Plaintiff to respond within thirty days and show cause why jurisdiction is proper under Title VII because Plaintiff had failed to show that she had exhausted her discrimination claim or provide a Notice of Right to Sue from the EEOC showing exhaustion (ECF No. 4). Although Plaintiff responded to the Order to Show Cause within the time allowed (ECF No. 6), she failed to provide any allegations or evidence that she has exhausted her administrative remedies.
The Court may raise subject matter jurisdiction sua sponte at any time during the course of the proceedings. McAlester v. United Air Lines, Inc., 851 F.2d 1249, 1252 (10th Cir. 1988). Under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the exhaustion of administrative remedies is a jurisdictional prerequisite to instituting an action in federal court. See Jones v. Runyon, 91 F.3d 1398, 1399 (10th Cir. 1996), cert denied, 520 U.S. 1115 (1997); see also Sizova v. Nat’l Inst. of Standards & Tech., 282 F.3d 1320, 1325 (10th Cir. 2002) (noting that “a failure to file an administrative charge at all . . . is a jurisdictional bar”) (citing Jones, 91 F.3d at 1399 n.1). The failure to file an administrative Title VII claim before bringing suit is jurisdictionally fatal and requires dismissal. See Bertsch v. Overstock.com, 684 F.3d 1023, 1030 (10th Cir. 2012); Shikles v. Sprint/United Mgmt. Co., 426 F.3d 1304, 1317 (10th Cir. 2005).
“The party seeking to invoke the jurisdiction of a federal court must demonstrate that the case is within the court’s jurisdiction.” United States v. Bustillos, 31 F.3d 931, 933 (10th Cir. 1994). Because Plaintiff has failed to do so the action will be dismissed.
Finally, the Court certifies pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3) that any appeal from this Order is not taken in good faith, and, therefore, in forma pauperis status will be denied for the purpose of appeal. See Coppedge v. United States, 369 U.S. 438 (1962). If Plaintiff files a notice of appeal she must also pay the full $505 appellate filing fee or file a motion to proceed in forma pauperis in the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit within thirty days in accordance with Fed. R. App. P. 24. Accordingly, it is
ORDERED that the Complaint and the action are DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P. 12(h)(3). It is
FURTHER ORDERED that leave to proceed in forma pauperis on appeal is denied.