United States District Court, D. Colorado
JDK LLC, a Colorado limited liability company, DEBORAH KOLASSA, JERRY KOLASSA, and S. MARK SPOONE, Plaintiffs,
RONALD K. HODGE, GREGG K. HODGE, PAUL A. TALBOT, FRANK O. HOFMEISTER, JAMES E. SYLVESTER, MAX 1 FINANCIAL LLC, a Colorado limited liability company, and BROOKE TALBOT, Defendants.
ORDER ON MOTION FOR SUBSTITUTED SERVICE
NINA Y. WANG, Magistrate Judge.
This civil action is before the court on Plaintiffs JDK LLC, Deborah Kolassa, Jerry Kolassa, and S. Mark Spoone's (collectively, "Plaintiffs") Motion for Substituted Service or Service of Process by U.S. Marshal ("Motion for Substituted Service"). [#40, filed May 12, 2015]. The matter was assigned to this Magistrate Judge pursuant to the Order Referring Case dated May 14, 2015 [#41] and memorandum dated the same day [#42]. The court has carefully considered the Motion, the exhibits, the entire case file, and the applicable law. For the reasons stated below, the Motion for Substituted Service is GRANTED.
Plaintiffs filed the Complaint on March 9, 2015 alleging that Defendants Gregg K. Hodge, Paul A. Talbot, Frank O. Hofmeister, James E. Sylvester, Max 1 Financial LLC, and Brooke Talbot perpetuated a comprehensive and fraudulent scheme that defrauded Plaintiffs of millions of dollars pursuant to Civil Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations. Plaintiffs assert fraud and additional state law claims and request damages in the amount of $1, 600, 000, along with various equitable remedies. This Order concerns Paul A. Talbot ("Mr. Talbot") and Brooke Talbot ("Ms. Talbot") (collectively, the "Talbots").
Plaintiffs have been unable to personally serve the Talbots. Two process servers have provided affidavits attesting to two service attempts at the Talbots' residential address, two service attempts at the Talbots' business address, and one service attempt at the Talbots' "other" business address. [#40-1; #40-2 at ¶ 2]. The Talbots' full-time residence is barricaded by a gate and the manager for their known business refused to accept service. [#40-1]. Counsel for Plaintiffs, Mr. Meretta, attests that Lawrence Horwitz has represented the Talbots in settlement negotiations in this matter, though he claims to not directly represent the Talbots as individuals. [#40-2 at ¶¶ 3, 4]. The Talbots have rejected Mr. Horwitz's efforts to arrange for their voluntary acceptance of service of process. [ Id. at ¶ 5]. Finally, Mr. Meretta has attempted to communicate with the Talbots by sending electronic mail to addresses known to be operative, and he has not received a response. [ Id. at ¶¶ 6, 7]. Mr. Meretta's position is that further attempts to achieve service under Fed.R.Civ.P. 4(e) via private process servers or the U.S. Marshal Service would not prove successful, and he asks the court to authorize substituted service on the Talbots through certified mail. [ Id. at ¶ 8].
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 4 provides:
(e)... Unless federal law provides otherwise, an individual-other than a minor, an incompetent person, or a person whose waiver has been filed-may be served in a judicial district of the United States by:
(1) following state law for serving a summons in an action brought in courts of general jurisdiction in the state where the district court is located or where service is made; or
(2) doing any of the following:
(A) delivering a copy of the summons and of the complaint to the individual personally;
(B) leaving a copy of each at the individual's dwelling or usual place of abode with someone of suitable age and discretion who resides there; or
(C) delivering a copy of each to an agent authorized by appointment or by law to receive service of process.
Fed. R. Civ. P. 4(e). Plaintiffs have failed at effecting service pursuant to ...