United States District Court, District of Colorado
PETERSON I. BATAILLE, Plaintiff,
ISS FACILITY SERVICES, Defendant.
ORDER OF DISMISSAL
LEWIS T. BABCOCK,
Plaintiff, Peterson I. Bataille, resides in Aurora, Colorado. He initiated this action by filing a Complaint (ECF No. 1) in which he alleged that he suffered injuries following a slip and fall on the premises of the Defendant while working for Delaware North Company in June 2013. Mr. Bataille does not assert a jurisdictional basis for his Complaint, nor does he assert any specific claims or a request for relief.
On April 2, 2015, Magistrate Judge Gordon P. Gallagher issued an order to Mr. Bataille directing him to show cause, in writing, within thirty (30) days, why the Complaint and this action should not be dismissed for lack of subject matter jurisdiction. (ECF No. 4). Plaintiff filed an Amended Complaint on April 8, 2015 (ECF No. 8), but has not otherwise responded to the Order to Show Cause.
The Court construes the Amended Complaint filed by Mr. Bataille liberally because he is proceeding pro se. See Hall v. Bellmon, 935 F.2d 1106, 1110 (10th Cir. 1991). However, a pro se party must follow the same procedural rules that govern other litigants. Kay v. Bemis, 500 F.3d 1214, 1218 (10th Cir. 2007). For the reasons discussed below, this action will be dismissed for lack of subject matter jurisdiction.
“Federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction; they must have a statutory basis for their jurisdiction.” Morris v. City of Hobart, 39 F.3d 1105, 1111 (10th Cir. 1994). There are two statutory bases for federal subject matter jurisdiction: diversity jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1332 and federal question jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1331.
The federal courts have an independent obligation to determine whether subject matter jurisdiction exists. Ruhrgas AG v. Marathon Oil Co., 526 U.S. 574, 583 (1999). Because federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction, there is a presumption against its existence. Basso v. Utah Power & Light Co., 495 F.2d 906, 909 (10th Cir. 1974). A federal district court may therefore raise the objection that it lacks jurisdiction on its own initiative, at any stage of the litigation. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(h)(3) (“Whenever it appears by suggestion of the parties or otherwise that the court lacks jurisdiction of the subject matter, the court shall dismiss the action.”) see also McAlester v. United Air Lines, Inc., 851 F.2d 1249, 1252 (10th Cir. 1988) (The issue of subject matter jurisdiction may be raised sua sponte by the court at any time during the course of the proceedings.).
The Amended Complaint adds a request for $100, 000 in damages and is otherwise identical to the original Complaint. The Amended Complaint does not cure the jurisdictional deficiencies of the original Complaint. Mr. Bataille fails to allege a statutory basis to invoke the Court’s federal question jurisdiction, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1331. Moreover, to the extent he would assert jurisdiction under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, his allegations do not support the claim. “[T]o state a § 1983 claim, a plaintiff must ‘allege the violation of a right secured by the Constitution and laws of the United States, and must show that the alleged deprivation was committed by a person acting under color of state law.’” Bruner v. Baker, 506 F.3d 1021, 1025-26 (10th Cir. 2007) (quoting West v. Atkins, 487 U.S. 42, 48 (1988)). Mr. Bataille’s allegations that he suffered a slip and fall on the premises of a private entity may support a state law personal injury claim, but do not demonstrate state action or a constitutional deprivation, so as to implicate the Court’s federal question jurisdiction.
This Court may exercise diversity jurisdiction over a state law claim, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1332, if a plaintiff presents a claim between parties of diverse citizenship that exceeds the required jurisdictional amount, currently $75, 000. See 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a); see also Arbaugh v. Y&H Corp., 546 U.S. 500, 513 (2006). To demonstrate federal jurisdiction pursuant to § 1332, allegations of diversity must be pleaded affirmatively. See Penteco Corp. Ltd. Partnership-1985A v. Union Gas Sys., Inc., 929 F.2d 1519, 1521 (10th Cir. 1991) (citations omitted); see also Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a)(1) (pleading must contain "a short and plain statement of the grounds for the court’s jurisdiction"). Mr. Bataille’s allegations that both he and the Defendant are residents of Colorado are insufficient to invoke this Court’s diversity jurisdiction. Accordingly, it is
ORDERED that the Amended Complaint and this action are DISMISSED without prejudice for lack of subject matter jurisdiction. It is
FURTHER ORDERED that leave to proceed in forma pauperis on appeal is denied. The Court certifies pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3) that any appeal from this order would not be taken in good faith and therefore in forma pauperis status will be denied for the purpose of appeal. See Coppedge v. United States, 369 U.S. 438 (1962). If Mr. Bataille files a notice of appeal he must also pay the full $455 appellate filing fee or file a motion to proceed in forma pauperis in the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit within thirty days in accordance with Fed. R. App. P. 24. It is
FURTHER ORDERED that the Application to Proceed In District Court Without Prepaying Fees or Costs (Long Form) ...