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Kopp v. Hornung

United States District Court, D. Colorado

February 11, 2015

TYSON KOPP, Plaintiff,


RICHARD P. MATSCH, Senior District Judge.

Defendants John Scarff Hornung, Melba[1] Jean Hornung, and MCA Management Company ("MCA")(collectively, "Defendants") move to dismiss this action for lack of personal jurisdiction pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P12(b)(2). ECF. DOC. 12.

I. Factual Background

MCA is a Missouri corporation in the business of collecting financial obligations. The individually-named Defendants are Missouri citizens who own MCA. Plaintiff lived in St. Louis, Missouri until July, 2013, when he moved to Denver, Colorado. Plaintiff's Complaint asserts that Defendants violated the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act, 15 U.S.C. § 1692, et seq. ("FDCPA") and the Fair Credit Reporting Act, 15 U.S.C. § 1681 et seq. ("FCRA") in MCA's attempt to collect a debt Plaintiff allegedly owed to Western Anesthesiology. By way of collection effort, MCA attempted to reach Plaintiff at Missouri telephone numbers and sent a single letter addressed to Plaintiff at a Missouri address.

II. Fed.R.Civ.P12(b)(2) Standards

Fed.R.Civ.P. 12(b)(2) provides for the dismissal of an action due to lack of personal Jurisdiction. A plaintiff bears the burden of establishing the existence of personal jurisdiction. Intercon, Inc. v. Bell Atl. Internet Solutions, Inc., 205 F.3d 1244, 1247 (10th Cir. 2000). "To obtain personal jurisdiction over a nonresident defendant in a diversity action, a plaintiff must show that jurisdiction is legitimate under the laws of the forum state and that the exercise of jurisdiction does not offend the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment." Soma Med. Int'l v. Standard Chartered Bank, 196 F.3d 1292, 1295 (10th Cir.1999)(internal quotation marks omitted). "Colorado's long arm statute is coextensive with constitutional limitations imposed by the due process clause. Therefore, if jurisdiction is consistent with the due process clause, Colorado's long arm statute authorizes jurisdiction over a nonresident defendant." Day v. Snowmass Stables, Inc., 810 F.Supp. 289, 291 (D.Colo.1993) (citing Mr. Steak, Inc. v. District Court, 194 Colo. 519, 574 P.2d 95, 96 (1978)).

The Tenth Circuit's opinion in OMI Holdings, Inc. v. Royal Ins. Co. of Canada, 149 F.3d 1086, 1089 (10th Cir.1998) sets forth the well-established constitutional analysis for personal jurisdiction:

The Due Process Clause protects an individual's liberty interest in not being subject to the binding judgments of a forum with which he has established no meaningful "contacts ties, or relations." Burger King Corp. v. Rudzewicz, 471 U.S. 462, 471-72 (1985). Therefore, a "court may exercise personal jurisdiction over a nonresident defendant only so long as there exist minimum contacts' between the defendant and the forum state." World-Wide Volkswagen Corp. v. Woodson, 444 U.S. 286, 291 (1980). The requirement that "minimum contacts" be present protects a defendant, who has no meaningful contact with a state, from the burdens of defending a lawsuit far from home in a forum where the substantive and procedural laws may be quite different from those with which the litigant is familiar. See id. at 292....
The "minimum contacts" standard may be met in two ways. First, a court may, consistent with due process, assert specific jurisdiction over a nonresident defendant "if the defendant has purposefully directed' his activities at residents of the forum, and the litigation results from alleged injuries that arise out of or relate to' those activities." Burger King, 471 U.S. at 472 (internal quotations omitted). Where a court's exercise of jurisdiction does not directly arise from a defendant's forum-related activities, the court may nonetheless maintain general personal jurisdiction over the defendant based on the defendant's general business contacts with the forum state. Helicopteros Nacionales de Colombia v. Hall, 466 U.S. 408, 415 (1984).

Id. at 1090-91.

If minimum contacts with the forum state are established, the Court must then determine whether exercising jurisdiction comports with "traditional notions of fair play and substantial justice." Melea, Ltd v. Jawer Sa, 511 F.3d 1060, 1065-66 (10th Cir. 2007)(citations omitted). This inquiry asks "whether a district court's exercise of personal jurisdiction over a defendant with minimum contacts is reasonable' in light of the circumstances surrounding the case." OMI, 149 F.3d at 1091. Reasonableness is informed by assessing the following factors:

(1) the burden on the defendant, (2) the forum state's interest in resolving the dispute, (3) the plaintiff's interest in receiving convenient and effective relief, (4) the interstate judicial system's interest in obtaining the most efficient resolution of controversies, and (5) the shared interest of the several states in furthering fundamental substantive social policies.

Id. at 1095. The analyses of minimum contacts and reasonableness are "complementary" such that the weaker the plaintiff's showing on minimum contacts, the less a defendant need show in terms of unreasonableness to defeat jurisdiction. ...

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