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Thomas v. Colvin

United States District Court, District of Colorado

January 12, 2015

CAROLYN W. COLVIN, Acting Commissioner of Social Security, Defendant.


Robert E. Blackburn United States District Judge

The matter before me is Plaintiff’s Petition for Fees Under 28 U.S.C. § 2412 [#25], [1] filed December 11, 2014. I deny the motion.

In this case, plaintiff appealed the Commissioner’s decision denying plaintiff’s application for disability insurance benefits. I found that the ALJ committed legal error at step 3 of the sequential evaluation in failing to obtain a medical opinion as to whether plaintiff’s migraine headaches were medically equivalent to any listed impairment. I therefore reversed the disability determination and remanded to the Commissioner for further proceedings.

Plaintiff now seeks attorney fees pursuant to the Equal Access to Justice Act (“EAJA”), which provides, in relevant part:

a court shall award to a prevailing party other than the United States fees and other expenses . . . incurred by that party in any civil action. . ., including proceedings for judicial review of agency action, brought by or against the United States in any court having jurisdiction of that action, unless the court finds that the position of the United States was substantially justified or that special circumstances make an award unjust.

28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(A).[2] As interpreted by the Supreme Court, “substantially justified” means "’justified in substance or in the main’ – that is, justified to a degree that could satisfy a reasonable person.” Pierce v. Underwood, 487 U.S. 552, 565, 108 S.Ct. 2541, 2550, 101 L.Ed.2d 490 (1988). Stated differently, the test is whether there is a “reasonable basis in both law and fact” for the Commissioner’s position. Id., 108 S.Ct. at 2550; Gilbert v. Shalala, 45 F.3d 1391, 1394 (10th Cir.), cert. denied, 116 S.Ct. 49 (1995). Although the term “‘substantially justified’ means, of course, more than merely undeserving of sanctions for frivolousness, ” Pierce, 108 S.Ct. at 2550, “a position can be justified even though it is not correct, and we believe it can be substantially (i.e., for the most part) justified if a reasonable person could think it correct, that is, if it has a reasonable basis in law and fact, ” id. at 2550 n.2. For this reason, a finding that the Commissioner’s position was not supported by substantial evidence does not necessarily lead to a finding that the Commissioner’s position was not substantially justified. Hadden v. Bowen, 851 F.2d 1266, 1268-69 (10th Cir. 1988).

The Commissioner bears the burden of demonstrating that her position was substantially justified. Gilbert, 45 F.3d at 1394. I have discretion in determining whether this standard has been met. Pierce, 108 S.Ct. at 2548-49; Stephenson v. Shalala, 846 F.Supp. 49, 50 (D. Kan. 1994). In exercising that discretion, I must consider the case “as an inclusive whole, rather than as atomized line items.” Commissioner, Immigration and Naturalization Service v. Jean, 496 U.S. 154, 162, 110 S.Ct. 2316, 2320, 110 L.Ed.2d 134 (1990). “Being incorrect on one point does not translate into lacking substantial justification for one’s litigation position during the entirety of a civil action.” Jackson v. Chater, 94 F.3d 274, 279-80 (7th Cir. 1996).

Based on the particular facts of this case, I find and conclude that the government’s position in the context of the entirety of this litigation was substantially justified. Although substantial justification cannot be reduced to a tallying of the number arguments won by either side of the appeal, see Hauser v. Astrue, 2009 WL 2592608 at *1 (E.D. Wis. Aug. 20, 2009), the error committed by the ALJ in this case was minor and almost certainly was inadvertent.[3] In fashioning his ruling, the ALJ was required to digest and synthesize a voluminous medical record, a task which he clearly took seriously and executed conscientiously. As I noted in my order remanding the case, the necessity of remand

is unfortunate in this case, as none of plaintiff’s remaining arguments would appear to merit remand otherwise. The record in this case is particularly voluminous, containing multiple medical and other source opinions and years of treatment and other records. The ALJ’s yeoman-like effort in analyzing this prodigious record is extraordinarily thorough and detailed, and is to be commended as exemplary. Were I to consider the other issues assigned as error here, I would be hard-pressed to find any other error, let alone reversible error, in the ALJ’s decision.

(Order Reversing Disability Decision and Remanding to Commissioner at 7 [#23], filed September 22, 2014.) Given the depth and breadth of the ALJ’s work in this matter, and viewing the case as a cohesive whole, I find and conclude that the Commissioner’s decision to rely on it in opposing plaintiffs largely insupportable claim for benefits was substantially justified.[4] Thus, I decline to exercise my discretion to award plaintiff his attorney fees.

THEREFORE, IT IS ORDERED that Plaintiff’s Petition for Fees Under 28 U.S.C. § 2412 [#25], filed December 11, 2014, is DENIED.

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