United States District Court, D. Colorado
RECOMMENDATION OF UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
MICHAEL E. HEGARTY, Magistrate Judge.
Before the Court is Defendant's Motion to Compel Arbitration [filed October 29, 2014; docket #14]. In accordance with 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) and D.C. Colo. LCivR 72.1C, the matter is referred to this Court for recommendation. Although provided the opportunity to do so, the Plaintiff filed no opposition to the relief requested. For the reasons that follow, this Court respectfully recommends that the motion be granted.
As part of an employment agreement between Plaintiff and Defendant, both parties executed an arbitration agreement in February 2007. See Employment Binding Arbitration Agreement, docket #14-1. The arbitration agreement provides, in pertinent part:
1. As a condition of your employment here, you agree that any controversy or claim arising out of or relating to your employment relationship with us or the termination of that relationship must be submitted for final and binding resolution by a private and impartial arbitrator, to be jointly selected by you and us.
a. Claims Covered: This agreement to submit to mediation and (if necessary) arbitration:
i. Covers any dispute concerning the arbitrability of any such controversy or claim; and
ii. Includes, but is not limited to, any claim that could be asserted in court or before an administrative agency or claims for which you have an alleged cause of action, including without limitation claims for breach of any contract or covenant (express or implied); tort claims; claims for discrimination (including but not limited to discrimination based on sex, pregnancy, race, national or ethnic origin, age, religion, creed, marital status, mental or physical disability, or medical condition or other characteristics protected by statute); claims for wrongful discharge; violations of the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA); violations of confidentiality or breaches of trade secrets; and/or claims for violation of any federal, state, or other governmental law, statute, regulation, or ordinance, and whether led on statute or common law; and
iii. All those claims whether made against us, any of our parent, subsidiary, or affiliated entities, or our individual officers or directors (in an official or personal capacity).
Id. at 1-2.
Plaintiff, proceeding pro se, initiated this lawsuit on August 28, 2014, alleging violations of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended, in the forms of race and national origin discrimination and harassment. Complaint, docket #1. Plaintiff claims she was harassed by Defendant, her employer, beginning in 2011 and was terminated from employment on November 8, 2012 on the basis of her race, African-American, and national origin, Ethiopia. Id. at 4. On October 29, 2014, the date its answer or other response was due to be filed, Defendant filed the present motion seeking to compel arbitration and to stay all proceedings. Docket #14. Although Defendant asserts that it conferred with the Plaintiff and learned that Plaintiff would oppose the motion, the Plaintiff filed no response and sought no extension of time within which to file a response.
Under the Federal Arbitration Act (FAA), 9 U.S.C. § 3, a district court must stay or dismiss judicial proceedings when a written agreement provides that the subject of the litigation must be submitted to arbitration. "There is a strong federal policy favoring arbitration for dispute resolution.'" Coors Brewing Co. v. Molson Breweries, 51 F.3d 1511, 1514 (10th Cir. 1995) (quoting Peterson v. Shearson/American Express, Inc., 849 F.2d 464, 465 (10th Cir. 1988)). If there is uncertainty as to whether a claim is arbitrable, "[a]ll doubts are to be resolved in favor of ...