United States District Court, D. Colorado
ALEXIS R. ORTIZ, Plaintiff,
JAMES FALK, Warden, Sterling Correctional Facility, BEVERLY DOWIS, Health Services Administrator, Sterling Correctional Facility, JOANN STOCK, Physicians Assistant, Sterling Correctional Facility, LT. HOFFMAN, Housing Lieutenant, Sterling Correctional Facility, and MAURICE FAUVEL, Dr., in their individual and official capacities, Defendants.
PHILIP A. BRIMMER, District Judge.
This matter is before the Court on the Motion Objecting to Judge Philip Brimmer's Order For Motion To Dismiss Filed By Defendants [Docket No. 98] and the Motion Objecting [to] Judge Philip Brimmer's Order Accepting Magistrate Judge's Recommendation On Docket No. 96 [Docket No. 111], filed by plaintiff Alexis R. Ortiz. Defendants did not file a response to either motion. As such, the motions are ripe for disposition.
Plaintiff objects to two orders of this Court accepting the Recommendations of Untied States Magistrate Judge Michael J. Watanabe. On January 24, 2014, the magistrate judge recommended that (1) defendants Falk, Hoffman, and Stock's motion to dismiss (Docket No. 41) be granted in part, (2) defendant Dowis' motion to dismiss (Docket No. 65) be granted in part, and (3) plaintiff's motion to add defendants (Docket No. 87) be denied. Docket No. 89 (the "first Recommendation"). Plaintiff timely objected to the magistrate judge's recommendation on the grounds that the statute of limitations was equitably tolled and that "defendants' conduct constituted a continuing wrong'" for the purposes of plaintiff's complaint. Docket No. 90 at 2-3, ¶ 3 (citing Tiberi v. Cigna Corp., 89 F.3d 1423, 1430 (10th Cir. 1996)). On March 13, 2014, the Court adopted the first Recommendation. Docket No. 95 (the "March 13 Order"). The Court held that plaintiff had waived his equitable tolling and continuing violation arguments because he failed to raise them before the magistrate judge in response to defendants' motions to dismiss. Docket No. 95 at 2-3. On March 18, 2014, the magistrate judge recommended that the Court grant defendant Fauvel's motion to dismiss (Docket No. 91). Docket No. 96 (the "second Recommendation"). On May 27, 2014, the Court accepted the second Recommendation. Docket No. 106 (the "May 27 Order"). Having received no objection to the second Recommendation, the Court reviewed it to satisfy itself that there was "no clear error on the face of the record." Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(b), Advisory Committee Notes.
Further relevant facts are set forth in detail in the first and second Recommendations, see Docket No. 89 at 2-5, Docket No. 96 at 1-2, and will not be recited here.
In light of plaintiff's pro se status, the Court construes his filings liberally. See Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520 (1972); Hall v. Bellmon, 935 F.2d 1106, 1110 & n.3 (10th Cir. 1991). While styled as "objections" to two of the Court's orders, the Court construes plaintiff's filings as motions for reconsideration of those orders.
The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure do not specifically provide for motions for reconsideration. See Hatfield v. Bd. of County Comm'rs for Converse County, 52 F.3d 858, 861 (10th Cir. 1995). Instead, motions for reconsideration fall within a court's plenary power to revisit and amend interlocutory orders as justice requires. See Paramount Pictures Corp. v. Thompson Theatres, Inc., 621 F.2d 1088, 1090 (10th Cir. 1980) (citing Fed.R.Civ.P. 54(b)); see also Houston Fearless Corp., 313 F.2d at 92. However, in order to avoid the inefficiency which would attend the repeated re-adjudication of interlocutory orders, judges in this district have imposed limits on their broad discretion to revisit interlocutory orders. See, e.g., Montano v. Chao, No. 07-cv-00735-EWN-KMT, 2008 WL 4427087, at *5-6 (D. Colo. Sept. 28, 2008) (applying Rule 60(b) analysis to the reconsideration of interlocutory order); United Fire & Cas. Co. v. McCrerey & Roberts Constr. Co., No. 06-cv-00037-WYD-CBS, 2007 WL 1306484, at *1-2 (D. Colo. May 3, 2007) (applying Rule 59(e) standard to the reconsideration of the duty-to-defend order). Regardless of the analysis applied, the basic assessment tends to be the same: courts consider whether new evidence or legal authority has emerged or whether the prior ruling was clearly in error. Motions to reconsider are generally an inappropriate vehicle to advance "new arguments, or supporting facts which were available at the time of the original motion." Servants of the Paraclete v. Does, 204 F.3d 1005, 1012 (10th Cir. 2000).
A. The March 13 Order
Plaintiff argues that the March 13 Order incorrectly held that plaintiff waived his equitable tolling and continuing violation arguments by failing to raise them in response to defendants' motions to dismiss. Docket No. 98 at 2-3. Plaintiff directs the Court to Docket No. 84. In that pleading, titled "Amended Motion, " plaintiff wrote that he "object[ed] to the defendants [sic] affirmative assertion of statute of limitations" and argued that the statute of limitations was tolled because defendants' conduct constituted a continuing violation. Docket No. 84 at 2, ¶ 11. Plaintiff's "Amended Motion" was not in response to either motion to dismiss that was the subject of the March 13 Order. The magistrate judge denied the Amended Motion because he could not discern what relief the motion sought. Docket No. 86 at 1.
The Court finds no reason to construe plaintiff's Amended Motion as a further response to either motion to dismiss or otherwise to hold that plaintiff properly raised the equitable tolling or continuing violation arguments before the magistrate judge. The Amended Motion was filed on January 10, 2014, more than a month after the final briefing on the motions to dismiss that were addressed in the March 13 Order. The filing did not reference either motion to dismiss, and plaintiff never sought leave to file a surreply in response to either motion to dismiss addressed in the March 13 Order. Moreover, any surreply would have been inappropriate, as neither defendants Falk, Hoffman, and Stock nor defendant Dowis filed a reply in support of their respective motions to dismiss.
Because plaintiff did not raise his arguments regarding tolling of the statute of limitations and the continuing violation doctrine before the magistrate judge in connection with defendants' motions to dismiss, those arguments were waived.
B. The May 27 Order
Plaintiff objects to the May 27 Order on the grounds that the Court incorrectly found that plaintiff had not filed a timely objection to the second Recommendation. Docket No. 111 at 1. Plaintiff directs the Court to his objection to the March 13 Order, which was filed fewer than fourteen days after the second Recommendation. See id. The Court has reviewed that ...