United States District Court, D. Colorado
October 29, 2014
JAMES PHILLIP GURULE, Plaintiff/Applicant,
CEO OR PRES. OF CMI INC., MIKE KOOP, V. P., CYNTHIA LOCKWOOD, DANIEL HRUSKA, ENRIQUE FERNANDEZ, AND WALT CZAPRAN, Defendants.
ORDER DIRECTING PLAINTIFF/APPLICANT TO CURE DEFICIENCIES
BOYD N. BOLAND, Magistrate Judge.
James Phillip Gurule is in the custody of the Colorado Department Corrections, and is incarcerated at the Kit Carson Correctional Facility in Burlington, Colorado. He initiated this action on October 28, 2014, by filing a "Prisoner's Complaint and Demand for Jury Trial" (ECF No. 1) and a Prisoner's Motion and Affidavit for Leave to Proceed Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915. In the Complaint, Mr. Gurule asserts that his community corrections placement was revoked without due process of law, and that he was incarcerated to serve the remainder of his state criminal sentence, based on his alleged failure to comply with the Correctional Management, Inc.'s (CMI) Non-Residential Rules and Regulations. He seeks monetary and injunctive relief against the Defendants for causing the revocation of his community corrections placement.
A civil rights action under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 challenges the conditions of a state prisoner's confinement. McIntosh v. United States Parole Comm'n, 115 F.3d 809, 811-12 (10th Cir. 1997). By contrast, "[t]he essence of habeas corpus is an attack by a person in custody upon the legality of that custody, and... the traditional function of the writ is to secure release from illegal custody." See Preiser v. Rodriguez, 411 U.S. 475, 484 (1973). "Petitions under § 2241 are used to attack the execution of a sentence. See Bradshaw v. Story, 86 F.3d 164, 166 (10th Cir. 1996). By contrast,
It appears that Mr. Gurule is attempting to challenge the execution of his state court sentence. As such, his claims must be asserted in a habeas corpus application pursuant to § 2241. See Montez v. McKinna, 208 F.3d 862, 865 (10th Cir. 2000). Furthermore, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2243, an application for writ of habeas corpus is directed to the person who has custody of the detained person. Therefore, Applicant is directed to name as Respondent the custodian of the facility where he is incarcerated.
Mr. Gurule is reminded that he is barred from seeking relief against the Defendants under § 1983 based on a claim challenging his current incarceration. In Heck v. Humphrey, 512 U.S. 477 (1994), the Supreme Court held that if a judgment for damages favorable to a prisoner in a § 1983 action necessarily would imply the invalidity of his or her criminal conviction or sentence, the § 1983 action does not arise until the conviction or sentence has been reversed on direct appeal, expunged by executive order, declared invalid by an authorized state tribunal, or called into question by the issuance of a federal habeas writ. See id. at 486-87. A civil rights action filed by a state prisoner "is barred (absent prior invalidation) - no matter the relief sought (damages or equitable relief), no matter the target of the prisoner's suit (state conduct leading to conviction or internal prison proceedings) - if success in that action would necessarily demonstrate the invalidity of confinement or its duration." Wilkinson v. Dotson, 544 U.S. 74, 81-82 (2005). Mr. Gurule does not allege that the decision to revoke his community corrections placement and incarcerate him have been invalidated by the state courts or in a federal writ of habeas corpus. Accordingly, his civil rights claims are not ripe at this time.
As part of the Court's review pursuant to D.C.COLO.LCivR 8.1(b), the Court has determined that the submitted documents are deficient as described in this order. Applicant will be directed to cure the following if he wishes to pursue his claims. Any papers that Applicant files in response to this order must include the civil action number on this order.
28 U.S.C. § 1915 Motion and Affidavit:
(1) __ is not submitted
(2) __ is missing affidavit
(3) __ is missing certified copy of prisoner's trust fund statement for the 6-month period immediately preceding this filing (necessary if filing a habeas corpus application)
(4) __ is missing certificate showing current balance in prison account
(5) __ is missing required financial information
(6) __ is missing an original signature by the prisoner
(7) XX is not on proper form (must use the Court's form for habeas applications)
(8) __ names in caption do not match names in caption of complaint, petition or habeas application
(9) XX other: Applicant may pay the $5.00 filing fee instead of submitting a Prisoner's Motion and Affidavit for Leave to Proceed Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915 in a Habeas Corpus Action.
Complaint, Petition or Application:
(10) __ is not submitted
(11) XX is not on proper form (must use the court-approved form for filing as habeas corpus application under 28 U.S.C. § 2241)
(12) __ is missing an original signature by the prisoner
(13) __ is missing page nos.___
(14) __ uses et al. instead of listing all parties in caption
(15) __ names in caption do not match names in text
(16) __ addresses must be provided for all defendants/respondents in "Section A. Parties" of complaint, petition or habeas application
(17) XX other: Applicant must name his custodian as the Respondent.
Accordingly, it is
ORDERED that Applicant cure the deficiencies designated above within thirty (30) days from the date of this order. Any papers which Applicant files in response to this order must include the civil action number on this order. It is
FURTHER ORDERED that Applicant shall obtain the court-approved forms for filing an Application for a Writ of Habeas Corpus Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 and a Prisoner's Motion and Affidavit for Leave to Proceed Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915 in a Habeas Corpus Action (with the assistance of his case manager or the facility's legal assistant), along with the applicable instructions, at www.cod.uscourts.gov, and use those forms in curing the designated deficiencies. It is
FURTHER ORDERED that, if Applicant fails to cure the designated deficiencies within thirty (30) days from the date of this order, this action will be dismissed without further notice. The dismissal shall be without prejudice.