United States District Court, D. Colorado
September 11, 2014
MSPBO, LLC, Plaintiff,
GARMIN INTERNATIONAL, INC., Defendant. Civil Action No. 13-cv-02287-PAB-KMT
PHILIP A. BRIMMER, District Judge.
This matter is before the Court on the Stipulated Dismissal with Prejudice (the "stipulation") [Docket No. 72] filed jointly by Plaintiff MSPBO, LLC ("MSPBO") and defendants Adidas North America, Inc. and Adidas America, Inc. (collectively "Adidas") and the Motion to Dismiss Counterclaim and Brief in Support [Docket No. 59] filed by PhatRat Technology LLC, Curtis Vock, and Paul Jonjak.
The Court first turns to the stipulation. On February 3, 2014, Adidas filed Defendants' Amended Answer to Plaintiff's First Amended Complaint and Counterclaims (the "amended answer"), wherein Adidas answered MSPBO's allegations. See Docket No. 42 at 1-8. The pleading also purported to assert counterclaims on behalf of Adidas, Garmin International, Inc. ("Garmin"), and Dynastream Innovations, Inc. ("Dynastream") "against Plaintiff MSPBO, LLC (MSPBO'), PhatRat Technology, LLC (PhatRat'), Paul Jonjak, and Curtis Vock." Id. at 1, 8. The stipulation states that: "All claims and counterclaims brought by Adidas against any party in this suit are dismissed with prejudice. This specifically includes all claims and counterclaims brought by Adidas in... Defendant's First Amended Answer to MSPBO's First Amended Complaint." Docket No. 72 at 1-2. Having reviewed the stipulation, the Court finds that Adidas' voluntary dismissal of its counterclaims against MSPBO, PhatRat, Mr. Jonjak, and Mr. Vock is under terms the Court considers proper and will accordingly order such claims dismissed with prejudice. Fed.R.Civ.P. 41(a)(2), (c).
Before reaching the motion to dismiss filed by PhatRat, Mr. Jonjak, and Mr. Vock, the Court must first determine whether, after the dismissal of all counterclaims asserted by Adidas, any counterclaims by Garmin remain. Although a portion of the amended answer purported to assert counterclaims on behalf of Garmin, Garmin has failed to properly raise its counterclaims. The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provide for the assertion of a counterclaim within a pleading. Fed.R.Civ.P. 13(b) ("A pleading may state as a counterclaim against an opposing party any claim that is not compulsory."). A party is not permitted to raise a counterclaim "separate from and outside of a recognized pleading." Allied Med. Associates v. State Farm Mut. Auto. Ins. Co., 2009 WL 839063, at *1 (E.D. Pa. March 26, 2009); accord Microsoft Corp. v. Ion Techs. Corp., 484 F.Supp.2d 955, 965 (D. Minn. 2007) ("[c]ounterclaims, however, must appear in a pleading"). Rule 7 does not list counterclaims as separate pleadings. See Fed.R.Civ.P. 7(a); Allied Med., 2009 WL 839063, at *2 ("Rule 7(a) does not designate counterclaims as pleadings."). Because Garmin did not join in Adidas' answer to MSPBO's allegations (and has not filed an answer of its own), Garmin fails to raise its counterclaims " as part of a recognized pleading." See Allied Med., 2009 WL 839063, at *2 (emphasis in original) (dismissing counterclaims where defendant had yet to file an answer); see also Microsoft, 484 F.Supp.2d at 965 ("a separate document that contains counterclaims is not a permissible pleading"). Thus, to the extent Garmin seeks to assert counterclaims against the above-mentioned parties, such claims are dismissed without prejudice. Dynastream, who Garmin appears to have sought to join as a counterclaim plaintiff, has not attempted to intervene or otherwise file a pleading and therefore will be terminated as a party.
For the foregoing reasons, it is
ORDERED that Adidas' counterclaims against MSPBO, PhatRat Technology, LLC, Paul Jonjak, and Curtis Vock are DISMISSED with prejudice. It is further
ORDERED that Garmin's counterclaims against MSPBO, PhatRat Technology, LLC, Paul Jonjak, and Curtis Vock are DISMISSED without prejudice. It is further
ORDERED that MSPBO, PhatRat Technology, LLC, Paul Jonjak, Curtis Vock, and Dynastream Innovations, Inc. are hereby terminated as parties to this action. It is further
ORDERED that Plaintiff MSPBO, LLC's Motion to Dismiss the Counterclaim Asserted by Defendants Adidas North America, Inc., Adidas America, Inc. and Garmin International, Inc. and Non-Party Dynastream Innovations, Inc. [Docket No. 49] and PhatRat Technology LLC, Curtis Vock and Paul Jonjak's Motion to Dismiss Counterclaim and Brief in Support [Docket No. 59] are DENIED as moot.