United States District Court, D. Colorado
August 20, 2014
NANCY DIAZ RODRIGUEZ, and JAVIER PIMENTEL, Plaintiffs,
JOHN LUNA, LETICIA JAEL RODRIGUEZ CISNEROS, and AZTECA RANCH MARKET #3, INC., Defendants.
ORDER ADOPTING RECOMMENDATION OF THE UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
ROBERT E. BLACKBURN, District Judge.
The matter before me is the Recommendation of United States Magistrate Judge [#62],  filed July 29, 2014. No objections having been filed to the recommendation, I review it only for plain error. See Morales-Fernandez v. Immigration & Naturalization Service, 418 F.3d 1116, 1122 (10th Cir. 2005).
Finding no error, much less plain error, in the magistrate judge's recommended disposition, I find and conclude that recommendation should be approved and adopted. Federal diversity jurisdiction exists only as between "adverse parties [who] are not co-citizens." Grupo Dataflux v. Atlas Global Group, L.P., 541 U.S. 567, 579, 124 S.Ct. 1920, 1929, 158 L.Ed.2d 866 (2004) (citation and internal quotation marks omitted). Because both plaintiffs and at least one defendant are aliens of the same country of origin, federal diversity jurisdiction is absent. Id., 124 S.Ct. at 1923. See also Allendale Mutual Insurance Co. v. Bull Data Systems, Inc., 10 F.3d 425, 428 (7th Cir. 1993) (noting that "[28 U.S.C. § 1332](a)(2), when read in light of [28 U.S.C. § 1332](a)(3), does not permit a suit between foreigners and a mixture of citizens and foreigners"). In addition, the Tenth Circuit, although finding the conclusion "far from apparent" from the face of the federal diversity statute, has acknowledged the general view of the federal courts that "§ 1332(a)(2)  require[s] United States citizens on both sides of an action between foreign citizens." Gschwind v. Cessna Aircraft Co., 232 F.3d 1342, 1345 (10th Cir. 2000), cert. denied, 121 S.Ct. 2520 (2001). This condition also is not satisfied in this case. The case therefore must be dismissed for lack of federal jurisdiction.
THEREFORE, IT IS ORDERED as follows:
1. That the Recommendation of United States Magistrate Judge [#62], filed July 29, 2014, is APPROVED AND ADOPTED as an order of this court;
2. That plaintiffs' claims are DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE for lack of federal subject matter jurisdiction;
3. That all currently pending motions, including but not limited to (a) defendants' Motion To Dismiss Claims Asserted in Plaintiffs' First Amended Complaint [Doc. #12] [#21], filed November 18, 2013; (b) plaintiffs' Motion For Partial Summary Judgment Regarding Piercing the Corporate Veil [#34], filed May 29, 2014; and (c) Defendants John Luna's and Leticia Jael Rodriguez Cisneros' [ sic ] Motion For Summary Judgment and Memorandum Brief in Support Thereof on All Claims Asserted in Plaintiffs' First Amended Complaint [Doc. #12] [#36], filed June 2, 2104, are DENIED WITHOUT PREJUDICE;
4. That the combined Final Pretrial Conference and Trial Preparation Conference, set Friday, August 22, 2014, at 2:30 p.m., and the jury trial set to commence Monday, August 25, 2014, are VACATED; and
5. That this case is CLOSED.