United States District Court, D. Colorado
CEPU SAKTI ENERGY PTE. LTD., a Singapore corporation, Plaintiff(s),
DEJOUR ENERGY (USA) CORP., a Nevada corporation, and DEJOUR ENERGY INC., a Canadian corporation, Defendant(s)
ORDER REGARDING DEFENDANTS' MOTION TO STAY DISCOVERY, VACATE SCHEDULING CONFERENCE AND DEFER FED. R. CIV. P. 16 AND 26 SCHEDULING PROCESS PENDING DETERMINATION OF MOTION TO DISMISS (DOCKET NO. 9)
MICHAEL J. WATANABE, Magistrate Judge.
This case is before this court pursuant to an Order referring the subject motion (docket no. 9) issued by Judge Wiley Y. Daniel on April 17, 2014. See docket no. 10.
Now before the court is Defendants' Motion to Stay Discovery, Vacate Scheduling Conference and Defer Fed.R.Civ.P. 16 and 26 Scheduling Process Pending Determination of Motion to Dismiss (docket no. 9). The court has carefully considered the subject motion (docket no. 9) and the response (docket no. 13). The court has taken judicial notice of the court's file and has considered the applicable Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and case law. The court now being fully informed makes the following findings of fact, conclusions of law, and order.
The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure do not expressly provide for a stay of proceedings. See String Cheese Incident, LLC v. Stylus Shows, Inc. , 02-CV-01934-LTB-PA, 2006 WL 894955, at *2 (D. Colo. March 30, 2006) (unpublished). Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26 does, however, provide that "[a] party or any person from whom discovery is sought may move for a protective order in the court where the action is pending.... The court may, for good cause, issue an order to protect a party or person from annoyance, embarrassment, oppression, or undue burden or expense...." Fed.R.Civ.P. 26(c).
Moreover, "[t]he power to stay proceedings is incidental to the power inherent in every court to control the disposition of the causes on its docket with economy of time and effort for itself, for counsel, and for litigants. How this can best be done calls for the exercise of judgment, which must weigh competing interests and maintain an even balance." Landis v. North Am. Co. , 299 U.S. 248, 254-55 (1936) (citing Kansas City S. Ry. Co. v. United States , 282 U.S. 760, 763 (1931)). An order staying discovery is thus an appropriate exercise of this court's discretion. Id.
A stay of all discovery is generally disfavored. Bustos v. United States , 257 F.R.D. 617, 623 (D. Colo. 2009). Courts have routinely recognized that discovery may be inappropriate while issues of immunity or jurisdiction are being resolved. See, e.g., Siegert v. Gilley , 500 U.S. 226, 231-32 (1991) (noting that immunity is a threshold issue, and discovery should not be allowed while the issue is pending); Workman v. Jordan , 958 F.2d 332, 336 (10th Cir. 1992) (same). Similarly, a stay may be appropriate if "resolution of a preliminary motion may dispose of the entire action." Nankivil v. Lockheed Martin Corp. , 216 F.R.D. 689, 692 (M.D. Fla. 2003). See Vivid Techs., Inc. v. American Science & Engineering, Inc. , 200 F.3d 795, 804 (Fed. Cir. 1999) ("When a particular issue may be dispositive, the court may stay discovery concerning other issues until the critical issue is resolved.").
When considering a stay of discovery, this court has considered the following factors: (1) the plaintiff's interests in proceeding expeditiously with the civil action and the potential prejudice to plaintiff of a delay; (2) the burden on the defendants; (3) the convenience to the court; (4) the interests of persons not parties to the civil litigation; and (5) the public interest. See String Cheese Incident , 2006 WL 894955, at *2.
Here, the Defendants seek to stay all discovery pending resolution of their Motion to Dismiss (docket no. 7). Therein, the Defendants argue that a stay of discovery and a vacation of the Rule 16 Scheduling Conference should be ordered based upon their pending Motion to Dismiss (docket no. 7) which alleges, in essence, that this court does not have subject matter jurisdiction over this lawsuit. The Defendants argue that discovery should be stayed in light of the pending Motion to Dismiss (docket no. 7) until such time as Judge Daniel rules on such motion (docket no. 7). They further argue that the String Cheese factors favor a stay.
As to the first and second String Cheese factors, the court recognizes that plaintiff has an interest in proceeding expeditiously. The court recognizes that there is certainly a burden on Defendants if a stay is not put in place. Defendants may be forced to conduct discovery which may not otherwise be necessary.
As to the third String Cheese factor, the court does have an interest in managing its docket by seeing the case proceed expeditiously. Finally, neither the interest of nonparties nor the public interest in general weigh heavily in either direction.
Accordingly, on balance, the court finds that a stay of discovery is appropriate in this case.
WHEREFORE, for the foregoing reasons, it is hereby
ORDERED that Defendants' Motion to Stay Discovery, Vacate Scheduling Conference and Defer Fed.R.Civ.P. 16 and 26 Scheduling Process Pending Determination of Motion to Dismiss (docket no. 9) is GRANTED. Discovery is STAYED until after Judge Daniel rules on Defendants' Motion ...