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Parson v. Johnson & Johnson

United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit

April 11, 2014

VICKIE SCHMIDT PARSON; PATRICIA SCALES; SEAWILLOW SCHMIDT; LORRAINE SCHUMACHER; NICOLE SCOTT; RHONDA SECHRIST; REGINA SELLERS; DONNA SEVERO; JACQUELINE SHAAK; FRANK M. SHADD; MYRTLE SHADD; PEGGY SHANNON-MCDOWELL; CAROL SHAW; TERRI SHAZER; SHARI P. SHEPPART; KAREN SHERIDAN; LIZETTE SHIELDS; KIMBERLY SILLEN; ANGELA SILVEIRA; ELIZABETH SIMPSON; MAHLON SIMPSON, a/k/a Alex Simpson; THERESA SISSON; TERESA SKAINS; NORMA SKORUPA-TODD; CANDY SMITH; KATHLEEN TEAGUE; SUSAN TAGLIAFERRO; JOAN SMITH; MARIE SMITH; JOANNE SMITH; STACEY SMITH; ISABEL M. SMITH; MARY SPARKS; JACKIE SPIGENER; JUANITA STARR; DARLENE STEELE; YLONDA STEPHENS; JUDY M. STEPHENS; KRISTINA STEVEN; KELLY STEVENS; KAROLYN STEVENSON; JUDITH STONE; JACK G. STONE; EMILY M. STROUD; JODIE SWAN; SUE SWETNAM; APRIL SWICK; DAVID SWICK; BARBARA SWINGLE; JOANN SMITH, Plaintiffs-Appellees,
v.
JOHNSON & JOHNSON; ETHICON, INC., Defendants-Appellants. CHAMBER OF COMMERCE OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA; PHRMA; PRODUCT LIABILITY ADVISORY COUNCIL, INC.; WASHINGTON LEGAL FOUNDATION, AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR JUSTICE, Amici Curiae. KIM DARNALL; DEBBILYNN DAVILA; JAMIE DAVIS; KIMBERLY DENTON; JOHN DI PIERRO, SR.; SUSIE DI PIERRO; JANET DICKE; ANORA DIKE; SOPHIE DIMACCIO; VALLIE DIXON; MARY DOSS; VONDA DOUROS; DEBORAH DUBE; STEPHANIE DUDDRIDGE; SHERRY DUNSTON; DEANNA EAGLES-THOMPSON; BRYN EFSEROFF; KIM EGGINTON; BARRY ELZIG; CHRISTINA ELZIG; LUCY ANN ENGLEBERT; STELLA EVANS; VERA LOIS FITZJARRELL; BETTY L. FITZSIMMONS; ALMA FLANAGAN; GLENDA FLEMING; SHANNON FORD; BEVERLY FRIDLEY; AMANDA FULLER; TONYA GALLARDO; SUSAN GARDNER; CHRISTY GARDOM; ASHLEY GIBBS; MARY GOODMAN; KAREN GOTSHALL; ESTELLA GRANILLO; ANITA GREEN; LEANN GREUBEL; LETICIA GRIJALVA; MARGIE GRIMES; HOLLY HAHN; RITA HALL; DONNA HAMRICK; JOLEEN HARLESS; JOHNNIE HARPER; WANDA HARTLEY; LINDA HARTZELL; MILDRED HATCHER; DEBRA HAUGH; LILA HAWKINS; PHYLLIS HAWKINS; ROBERT W. HAWKINS; TRAVIS HAWKINS; KITTIE HENZLIK; FLORENCE HERNANDEZ; BONNIE HEUER; LORI HIGDON; DEBRA HIGGINBOTHAM; LISA HILL; NATALIE HODGKINSON; JOYCE HOLLOWAY; CAROL HOLZEM; VICKI HOMAN; CARLA HOPP; CYNTHIA HOWARD; RHONDA HUDGINS; RAMONA HULBURD; PHYLLIS HUMAN; JENNIFER HUTCHINS; NATALIE JO JACKSON; ROSLYN JACKSON; TAMMY JACKSON; ALMA JEFFRIES; MICHELLE STATES; PATRICIA ORDINO; BRENDA HUNNICUTT TAYLOR, Plaintiffs-Appellees,
v.
ETHICON, INC.; JOHNSON & JOHNSON, Defendants-Appellants. CHAMBER OF COMMERCE OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA; PHRMA; PRODUCT LIABILITY ADVISORY COUNCIL, INC.; WASHINGTON LEGAL FOUNDATION, AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR JUSTICE, Amici Curiae. INOLA KILLSFIRST; JOANNE P. MCCANN; ANNETTEE PUCKETT; EILENE PULLIMAN; GLENDA RAMIREZ; TONIA RAMOS; EDIE RANEY; BEVERLY RAY; BERTHA REAM; INDY REBHUN; MARLENE REISINGER; PAULA REYNOLDS; MELVIN REYNOLDS; BARBARA ROBERTS; WANDA ROBINSON; EFFIE ROMANS; LORI ROSE; ELIZABETH RYAN; KELLY RYDER; LUPE F. SALAS; BRENDA SASSER; LINDA SHAFER; ELLA SHANKLIN; JAMES SHARPE; SHARON SHARPE; REBECCA SHAUGART; CLAYTON DEAN SHUCK; SHELLY SHUCK; ROSEANNA SIEFKER; STEPHANIE R. SIMS; NANCY SLOAN; CAROLE SMITH; DEBORAH A. SMITH; MELODIE SMITH; BERNADETTE SPEISER; PARRIS SPRINGER; SARAH STACK; MARY STASER; BRET E. STEPHEN; DEBORAH M. STEPHEN; CAROLE A. STEWARD; LINDA TALTON; BARBARA TAYLOR; MONICA TAYLOR; IRIS TEAT; ELVA RODRIGUEZ; CHARLENE TESSARI; KAREN THOMAS; PATRICIA THOMAS; LINDA THOMPSON; TONI TUCKER; CHARLOTTE VAN BUREN; ESTALENE VANCE; DEBBIE VICKERS; STACIE VICKERS; CHARLENE WALKER; KATHY LYNN WATSON; LESLIE ANN WEINER; SYLVIA WELCH-LANGFORD; TAWNYA WERTHMAN; TRACY WHITE; PAULA WHORTON; SHARON WILES; FRIEDA WILLARD; DEBORAH WILLIAMS; SHIRLEY WILLIAMS; SANDRA WILSON; SHEILA WILSON; TINA WINDHOLZ; PARTICIA WOEHLER; JOSIE WOLD-JOHNSON; ROSETTA WOLFE; JACKIE YANCEY; SUSAN YOAKAM, Plaintiffs-Appellees,
v.
ETHICON, INC.; JOHNSON & JOHNSON, Defendants-Appellants. TAMMY McCAUGHTRY; LINDA PANNONE; TERESA MITCHELL; MICHELE MIXON; VIRGINIA MOCKAITIS; GLENNA B. NEZ; FRANK NEZ; ROSE NEZ; MABLE NOLEN; SANTOS O'BRIEN; IRMA ONTIBEROS; RAMESHA ORMAND; SUSAN ORR-MITROS; LAURA OSTERLING; ANNE OWEN; GERALD R. OWEN; DORTHY MAE PACK; DEBORAH PARKS; DONNA PARRIS; ASHLEY PARVIZI; MARGARET PATNAUDE; LINDA PAULK; MARY CONSTANCE PAULSEN; BARBARA PERRIGUE; COLEEN PERRY; PAMELA PERRY; FRANKLIN BRUCE PERRY; CHERYL PITMAN; ANGELA PITTS; DIANNE PLUMMER-CHAMBERS; ELVIRA POPKEN; MARIA PULIDO-MENDOZA; MARGERET PYKA; JANETTE QUINN; PAULA REES; BETTY REES; LATHA REGHUNANTHAN; CAROL RICE; MIRIAM RIVERA-AVILES; LOUISE ROBERTS; MARY ROBINSON; CYNTHIA RODRIGUEZ; BELIN ROMERO; RAMONA RUFF; BRIAN RUFF; YALONDA RUSSLER; JAMES RUSSLER; SYLVIA SANCHEZ; VELMA SANDOVAL; RAQUEL SANTIAGO-CRUZ; KAREN SARVER, Plaintiffs-Appellees,
v.
JOHNSON & JOHNSON; ETHICON, INC., Defendants-Appellants. VALERIE SPEARS; MANORAMA MAHAJAN; KATHY JOHNSON; MELISA JOHNSON; NANCY KNIBB; SUSAN KOBESKI; YVONNE KROUT; LYNNE KRUSLICKY; SHERRY LANCE; PEARLE LARSEN; SHELVA LENZKES; SHERYL LEWIS; TERRY LINK; VICKI LORDS; LUCY LOREDO; AMBERLY LOWMAN; JACQUILINE MACRI; LUCILLE MAESTAS; PATRICIA MAGGARD; PATRICIA MAHONEY; SYLVIA MANN; MELISSA MARMOLEDJO; DEBORAH MARSHALL; JAYME MASON; JEANNINE MAZAK; KAREN McBRIDE; PATRICIA McCARTY; ERNESTINE McCLAIN; LETTIE McCLURE; JOY McCLURE; CHERYL McCLUSKEY; CHASTITY McELROY; PAMELA McFARLIN; CHRISTINA McLEAN; RON McLEAN; LISA McLEOD; THELMA McMANUS; JUDITH McSWEENEY; KAYLA MEADOR-SHARP; DEBBIE MELNICK; WILLIAM THOMAS; DONNA MILLER; ROSEMARY MILLER; MALINDA MILLER; DEBBI MILLISON; GIN MILLS; APRIL MORGAN; JOSIE MORIN; VALERIE MORRIS; CHERISE MORROW; CAROL MORSOVILLO; DONNA NEAL; VIRGINIA NOBBE; LISA NOLEN; CARYN NORMAND; MARSHA NORONA; LUCILLE NORRELL; NATURE ANN NUNEZ; EVA NUNLEY; THERESA NYE; ANGELA C. PARKER; ELIZABETH PARMER; ALBERTA PEEK; SUSAN PERKINS; KAREN PERRY; ROSANN PERRY; KATHRYN PETTIT; KRISTOPHER PETTIT; DIXIE PFEIFF; KARIN PFLEGER; DR. HANS-PETER PFLEGER; TERRIE PHELPS; BOBBIE PHELPS; KRISTINA PITCHFORK; EVELYN JEANETTE POFF; TAMERA POWELL, Plaintiffs-Appellees,
v.
JOHNSON & JOHNSON; ETHICON, INC., Defendants-Appellants. DIANA WADE; CHERYLE THORNABAR; MONA SWOFFORD; CRUZE TALAVERA; SHIRLEY TANNER; ELIZABETH TARIN; CATHERINE TARR; HEATHER TASSIER; KARRIE TEMPLEMAN; BLANCA TERRY; TERRY THOMAS; CONNIE THURMOND; SCOTT THURMOND; LILLIAN TREVINO TILLIS; COLLEEN TODD; LESLIE VANASKEY; JULIE ANN VANDESTOUWE; SARA VICTORA; TONYA VOGT; CAROL WAGNER; PAM WALKER; CAROL WARNER; GLENA WATSON; JANET WEBB; TERRI WEBB; CARRIE WHITE; TERESA WHITELEY; JANICE WHITLOCK; DOROTHY WIGGINS; SANDRA WILKINSON; ANNELLE WILLARD; DESTINY A. WILLEY; LEELLEN WILLIAMS; KEWANDA WILLIAMS; CATHY WILSON; VENUS WITT; GERALDINE WOLF; MARY WOOD; CHRISTINE WOODROW; DARIA WORLEY; TERESA WRIGHT; PAULETTE WRIGHT; TRENDA WRIGHT; JANICE WRIGHT; GUSSIE KELLY WYATT; PANSY WYNN; DEBORAH YOUNG; HILDA ZAMORA; E. LOUISE ZELLER, Plaintiffs-Appellees,
v.
JOHNSON & JOHNSON; ETHICON, INC., Defendants-Appellants. KELLI GOOCH; ARLENE BRUNSON; PEGGY ALLEN; LESLIE ALLEN; DEBRA ANDERSON; THOMAS ANDERSON; GWEN ANDRESHAK; BEVERLEY ARMOUR; KARINA ASUNCION; PAMELA ATKINSON; LAURA BABB; STEPHANIE BANKS; MARY BARAJAS; VICTORIA BARCLAY; BREND BARTRAM; MARJEAN BAXLEY; JUDITH BAXTER; CINDY BEHLER; THELMA BENDA; STEFANI BENDER; TERESA BENDER; MARY BLAIR; JENNIFER BOCK; BARBARA LYNN BOWMAN; GLORIA BRADFORD; LEAH BRADFORD; LARRY BRADFORD; CRYSTAL BRANNON; JENNIE BRANTLEY; DELORES BROCK; ANDREA BROWN; BRENDA BROWN; SANDRA BROWN; JUDY BROWN; STEPHANIE BROWN; GAYLE BUCK; POLLY BUEBLER; JOY BULLINGTON; LINDA BULLOCK; RAYMOND C. BULLOCK; MARYANN BURKHOLDER; SHERRY BURRICHTER; MARTHA BYARS; MARY CAMACHO; GLYNN CAMBELL; PAULA CAMPBELL; PHYLLIS CAMPBELL; ARLINE CANNATA; EUNICE CANTU; JO ANN CAPUA; YVONNE CARRABINE; LORENA CARTAGENA; ANGELLA CARTER; SHUNTEL CATER; JOYCE CARVALHO; MELISSA CHAVEZ; MICHELE COLBURN; MARGARET COLCORD; BELINDA COLLINS; PEGGY COOPER; GARY J. COOPER; ELIZABETH COOPER; ANITA COOPER; PATRICIA COPELAND; TRACI COVEY; DONNA COVINGTON; SONIA COX; ROSALIE CRACCHIOLO; STEVEN METEJA; CAROLYN CRAFT; ANNA CREEK; BRANDI CURRY; DEBORAH CURTIS; MARIE CUSHENBERRY; RITA DAIRY; DONNA DALTON, Plaintiffs-Appellees,
v.
JOHNSON & JOHNSON; ETHICON, INC., Defendants-Appellants. TERESA MARIE ANDERSON; LYNN SCHNEIDER; MICHAEL SCHNEIDER; IHSAN ABUZALAF; LAURA ABUZALF; JUNE ADAMS; THERESA ADAMS; TERRY ALES; CATHERINE ALVAREZ; MICHELE ANGEL-NIEROP; SALLY ANHORN; SHANNON ARLET; AGNES ARMSTRONG; ALBERT ARMSTRONG; JANICE ARNOLD; DEBRA ATKINSON; HARLEY C. ATKINSON; BILL AUGER; SHELLIE AUGER; LINDA AUSTIN; LOUISE AYVAZIAN; RALPH AYVAZIAN; JUDY BAGROWSKI; WAYNE BAGROWSKI; SHIRLEY BARBER; JILL BARTOLOMIE; BRENDA BEDOKSY; THERESA BELT; TROY BELT; LYNN MARKETTE BAYLISS; MARTHA BENAVIDES; ANGELA BENFORD; JENNIE BENNETT; CHARLENE BERG; GLENNA BERGMAN; SHARON BERRONG; CANDACE BERRY; WANDA BLACK; KATHLEEN BLASKO; MELISSA BLAYLOCK; MARY BONEFAS; JENNIFER BOSCH; SAN JUANITA BOTELLO, a/k/a Janie; RAMIRO BOTELLO, SR.; AUDREY BOUGHNER; JACQUELINE BOUNDS; DORI BOYER; TAMMY BRANTLEY; CAROL BRENNAN; NINA BROWN; SHERRIAN BROWN, Plaintiffs-Appellees,
v.
JOHNSON & JOHNSON; ETHICON, INC., Defendants-Appellants. ILARAE J. PAGE; COLLEEN M. MORGAN; DEBRA JENKINS; GERALDINE JENKINS; DEANNA JENKINS; PATRICIA JINRIGHT; NELLIE JOHNS; CAROLYN JOHNSON; JENNIFER JOHNSON; NICOLE JOHNSON; TAMMIE JOHNSON; CHRISTINE JORDAN; SHERRY KEEFFE; CHRISTY KEITH; KEVIN KEITH; JANA KELLENBENZ; DANETTE I. KNODE; GRACE KORN; SANDRA KORPI; JOSEPHINE KOSIOL; BRENDA KRAFT; JENNIFER KRAMER; SUSAN KRENGULEC; ROSEMARY LASCAREZ; LILLIE LENNEAR; DEBRA LEONOR; JEAN ANN LEWIS; TAMMY LINDSAY; CAROL LINN; NANCY LITKE; MARIA LOPEZ; FLORENCE LYNCH; JOHN A. LYNCH, SR.; JOYCELIN LYNCH; MARTHA MARKHAM; ETHEL MARRUFO; BELINDA MARTINEZ; DENISE MARTINEZ; KAREN MASSAMILLO; DANAN LIEVENS; JANET MCCARTHY; REBEKAH MCCARTNEY; CHERYL MCCLAIN; RACHELLE MCCLARREN; BETTY MCDONALD; JACK MCDONALD; JILL MERCADO; ESSIE MIDDLEBROOKS; DAWN MILLER; CARLA MIRACLE, Plaintiffs-Appellees,
v.
JOHNSON & JOHNSON; ETHICON, INC., Defendants-Appellants. LARRY JOHN COZART; R JUDITH DEMCHAK; BRADLEY DEMCHAK; JAMIE DEVISH; JENNIFER DOBBINS; SANDRA DOCTOR; GEORGE DOCTOR; SANDY DODGEN; PHILLIP DUDGEN; DEBORAH DOYLE; GRACIELA DRANOWOSKY; TERESEA ANN DUNN; MARILYN ECOFF; MARYANN EICH; COLINNETTE EILERS; LISA ELDER; DEBRA ELWARD; DELORES FARMER; ZELLA FARMER; SHELLY FARNSWORTH; VALERIA FAVORS; BERNADETTE FEIKERT; LINDA FERGUSON; NORMA FISHER; MARGUERITE FLETCHER; TARA FOOTE; CORISA FORD; SHEILA FORRESTER; BRIDGET FOWLER; LAURA FOX; KATHERINE FRANKS; TAWNEY FRANTZ; SALLY FRAWLEY; SANDRA FREELAND; PAMELA FRENO; CATHY FRESHWATER; SUSAN FRONEK; PATRICIA FUINO; ANNA FULGHAM; DIANA GABRIEL; MARIA GALARZA; ROSAMARIA GARCIA; SHERILYN GARDNER; SHEILA GARRETT; JOY L. HALLIBURTON; LUZ LORA, Plaintiffs-Appellees,
v.
ETHICON, INC.; JOHNSON & JOHNSON, Defendants-Appellants. SARAH RUTH ALLBRITTON; WARREN BELL; EVELYN BROWNLEE; ROBIN BRUHN; ELIZABETH BRUNA; JUSTIN BRUNA; TERRY BRYSON; JUNE BUENO; BERNESSA BURSE; BRENDA BURTON; VIRGINIA BUSBY; SHARAN BUSH; CANDICE BYRUM; TERRY E. BYRUM; JAMIE CALDWELL; PATRICIA A. CARTER; DIANE CHAMBERS; JACQUELINE CHANEY; CHARLES H. CHANEY, IV; MARGIE CHAPMAN; JEANETTE
v.
CHESSER; MARY CHRANE; JOAN CLARKE; SANDY CLAY; PATRICIA CLIMER; JANICE COATES; JANICE COLL; JANICE COLLINS; RONNILYN COLLINS-BELL; JAMES COON; SHARRON COON; JOANN COOPER; TAMARA BETH CORNELIUS; PATRICIA CORONEL; ZULEMA CORTEZ; CYNTHIA COURTNEY; MARGO HENDERSON CROSTHWAITE; JOSE CRUZ; PRISCILLA CRUZ; SHAWN CURRO; CYNTHIA DANIELS; SANDRA DAVIDSON; MISTY DE GROAT; JEANETTE DE MAUNEY; CHARLOTTE DEHN; PATRICIA DEITERING; NORMA DELEON, Plaintiffs-Appellees,
v.
ETHICON, INC.; JOHNSON & JOHNSON, Defendants-Appellants

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APPEALS FROM THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF OKLAHOMA. (D.C. Nos. 5:13-CV-00832-L, 5:13-CV-00833-L, 5:13-CV-00834-L, 5:13-CV-00836-L, 5:13-CV-00838-L, 5:13-CV-00839-L, 5:13-CV-00840-L, 5:13-CV-00841-L, 5:13-CV-00844-L, 5:13-CV-00845-L, 5:13-CV-00846-L).

Stephen D. Brody of O'Melveny & Myers LLP, Washington, D.C. (Larry D. Ottaway, Amy Sherry Fischer, and Andrew M. Bowman of Foliart, Huff, Ottaway, & Bottom, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; Richard B. Goetz of O'Melveny & Myers LLP, Los Angeles, California, with him on the brief) for Defendants-Appellants.

Julie L. Rhoades of Matthews & Associates, Houston, Texas (Timothy M. Bunson, Sill Law Group, Edmond, Oklahoma, with her on the brief), for Plaintiffs-Appellees.

Richard A. Samp and Cory L. Andrews, Washington, D.C., filed an amicus curiae brief for the Washington Legal Foundation.

Jeremy B. Rosen and Steven S. Fleischman, Horvitz & Levy, LLP, Encino, California, filed an amici curiae on behalf of the Chamber of Commerce of the United States of America and PHRMA; Kate Comerford Todd and Tyler R. Green, National Chamber Litigation Center, Inc., Washington, D.C., filed an amicus curiae brief on behalf of the Chamber of Commerce of the United States of America; James M. (Mit) Spears and Melissa B. Kimmel, Washington, D.C., filed an amicus curiae brief on behalf of PHRMA.

Anita Hotchkiss, Matthew S. Lerner, and Brendan T. Fitzpatrick, Goldberg Segalla LLP, Princeton, New Jersey; Hugh F. Young, Jr., Esq., Product Liability Advisory Council, Inc., Reston, Virginia, filed an amicus curiae brief on behalf of Product Liability Advisory Council, Inc.

J. Burton LeBlanc, IV, American Association for Justice, Washington, D.C.; Louis M. Bograd, Center for Constitutional Litigation, P.C., Washington, D.C., filed an amicus curiae brief on behalf of the American Association for Justice.

Before BRISCOE, Chief Judge, McKAY and ANDERSON, Circuit Judges. ANDERSON, Circuit Judge, concurring.

OPINION

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BRISCOE, Chief Judge.

In the Class Action Fairness Act of 2005, 28 U.S.C. § § 1332(d), 1453 (" CAFA" or " Act" ), Congress authorized the removal of certain class actions from state to federal court. The Act's primary objective was to " ensur[e] Federal court consideration of interstate cases of national importance." Standard Fire Ins. Co. v. Knowles, 133 S.Ct. 1345, 1350, 185 L.Ed.2d 439 (2013) (internal quotation marks omitted). To this end, CAFA also provides for the removal of " mass actions" that do not qualify as traditional class actions, see Fed.R.Civ.P. 23, but which otherwise meet the Act's criteria, Visendi v. Bank of Am., N.A., 733 F.3d 863, 867 (9th Cir. 2013); see also 28 U.S.C. § 1332(d)(11)(A), (B).

CAFA defines a mass action as " any civil action . . . in which monetary relief claims of 100 or more persons are proposed to be tried jointly on the ground that the plaintiffs' claims involve common questions of law and fact." Id. § 1332(d)(11)(B)(i). The Act excludes from the term " mass action," inter alia, any civil action in which either " the claims are joined upon motion of a defendant," or " the claims have been consolidated or coordinated solely for pretrial proceedings." Id. § 1332(d)(11)(B)(ii)(II), (IV).

The controversy before us began when 702 plaintiffs from 26 different states and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico filed twelve nearly identical product liability actions against the defendants in the District Court of Pottawatomie County, Oklahoma. The defendants are manufacturers of transvaginal mesh medical devices. The plaintiffs are women who were implanted with the devices and their husbands, who assert loss-of-consortium claims.

None of the individual actions contained 100 or more plaintiffs. Each of the actions included at least one New Jersey resident plaintiff. Each complaint specifically disclaimed federal question and federal diversity jurisdiction, and included provisions that admitted the claims had been joined for the purpose of pretrial discovery and proceedings but disclaimed joinder for trial purposes. All twelve actions were assigned to the same state court judge.

The defendants, corporate residents of New Jersey, removed the actions to the United States District Court for the Western District of Oklahoma, relying on both diversity jurisdiction and CAFA removal jurisdiction. They argued that complete diversity existed between the parties because in each action, the New Jersey citizen

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plaintiff had been fraudulently joined and should therefore be disregarded for diversity purposes. They further contended that jurisdiction was available under CAFA's " mass action" provision because, by filing all of the suits in the same court before the same judge, plaintiffs had proposed a joint trial of claims involving more than 100 plaintiffs.[1]

Plaintiffs moved to remand eleven of the actions, involving 650 plaintiffs,[2] to state court. The district court granted their motion. It declined to adopt the procedural misjoinder doctrine advocated by the defendants, and concluded that plaintiffs had not in fact proposed a joint trial of their claims, as required for CAFA removal jurisdiction. Halliburton v. Johnson & Johnson, F.Supp.2d, Nos. CIV-13-832-L, CIV-13-833-L, CIV-13-834-L, CIV-13-836-L, CIV-13-838-L, CIV-13-839-L, CIV-13-840-L, CIV-13-841-L, CIV-13-844-L, CIV-13-845-L, ...


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