United States District Court, D. Colorado
April 7, 2014
ELIZABETH WOJDACZ, Plaintiffs,
GARY LEE NORMAN, and CLIFF HUDSON, Defendants.
ORDER DENYING MOTION FOR LEAVE TO FILE ANSWER AND MOTION FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT
ROBERT E. BLACKBURN, District Judge.
The matter before me is defendant Cliff Hudson's Motion for Leave To File Answer and Motion for Summary Judgment [#280],  filed April 3, 2014. Exercising my discretion under D.C.COLO.LCivR 7.1(d), I rule on this motion without benefit of a response. I deny the motion, strike the answer, and deny the motion for summary judgment.
This motion is filed within a month of the trial set in this matter. Mr. Hudson argues that he should be allowed to file a belated answer and motion for summary judgment because of the negligence of his prior counsel, Mr. Topper. He asserts that he hired Mr. Topper soon after being served with the Amended Complaint on August 2, 2012. Nevertheless, Mr. Topper did not enter an appearance on Mr. Hudson's behalf until some nine months later. ( See Notice of Entry of Appearance [#168], filed April 22, 2013.) He filed a motion that appeared to seek relief under Rule 12(b) soon thereafter ( see Defendant Hudson's Verified Response to Motion for Default Judgment and Motion To Dismiss All Counts Agains [sic] Defendant Cliff Hudson [#172], filed April 26, 2013), but that motion was stricken without prejudice ( see Minute Order [#174], filed April 30, 2013), and never refiled. In addition, Mr. Hudson avers that Mr. Topper prepared a motion for summary judgment, but never filed such a motion. ( See Minute Order [#236], filed January 3, 2013 (striking Affidavit of Cliff Hudson [#235], filed December 30, 2013, on the basis that there was no motion for summary judgment then pending before the court).)
To warrant an extension of a deadline that has expired, as here, Mr. Hudson must establish both good cause and excusable neglect. FED. R. CIV. P. 6(b)(1)(B). "[T]he[se] two standards, although interrelated, are not identical and... good cause' requires a greater showing than excusable neglect.'" In re Kirkland, 86 F.3d 172, 175 (10th Cir. 1996). Because Mr. Hudson's motion fails to establish facts showing good cause, he plainly cannot satisfy the more lenient burden of showing excusable neglect.
A finding of good cause requires "some showing of good faith on the part of the party seeking the enlargement and some reasonable basis for noncompliance within the time specified." Putnam v. Morris, 833 F.2d 903, 905 (10th Cir. 1987) (citation and internal quotation marks omitted). Thus, it is not enough for Mr. Hudson to show that Mr. Topper did not comply with the deadlines for filing an answer and dispositive motions - he must show why the deadlines were not met. Nothing in his motion addresses this relevant inquiry.
Moreover, the primary consideration in determining whether good cause exists is the party's diligence in pursuing his rights. See Scull v. Management & Training Corp., 2012 WL 1596962 at *6 (D.N.M. May 2, 2012); Colorado Visionary Academy v. Medtronic, Inc., 194 F.R.D. 684, 697 (D. Colo.2000). The motion suggests just the opposite - that Mr. Topper was not diligent in defending this case on behalf of Mr. Hudson. Nothing in the motion explains Mr. Topper's failure to pursue the case, but if mere carelessness, Colorado Visionary Academy, 194 F.R.D. at 687, as well as "simple inadvertence or mistake of counsel or ignorance of the rules, " Putnam, 833 F.2d at 905, will not support a finding of good cause, a completely unexplained failure to comply with the rules is, a fortiori, not sufficient to entitle a party to relief.
It appears that Mr. Hudson, however, is under the impression that the alleged negligence of Mr. Topper should not prevent him, now proceeding pro se, from seeking an extension of the deadline. In this, he is mistaken. "Under our system of representative litigation, each party is deemed bound by the acts of his lawyer-agent." Irwin v. Department of Veterans Affairs, 498 U.S. 89, 92, 111 S.Ct. 453, 112 L.Ed.2d 435 (1990) (citation and internal quotation marks omitted). Accordingly, "clients... are usually bound by their lawyers' actions - or, as here, inactions." Smith v. McCord, 707 F.3d 1161, 1162 (10th Cir. 2013). More specifically in this case, "when a [party's] attorney misses a filing deadline, the [party] is bound by the oversight[.]" Maples v. Thomas, ___ U.S. ___, 132 S.Ct. 912, 922, 181 L.Ed.2d 807 (2012). See also Reynolds v. Federal Crop Insurance Corp., 752 F.Supp. 986, 988 (D. Colo. 1990) ("The good cause standard is stringent and is not met by showing... change of counsel or similar excuses.").
For these reasons, the motion for leave to file an answer and motion for summary judgment out of time must be denied. As a consequence, the answer must be stricken and the motion for summary judgment denied as well.
THEREFORE, IT IS ORDERED as follows:
1. That Mr. Hudson's Motion for Leave To File Answer and Motion for Summary Judgment [#280], filed April 3, 2014, is DENIED;
2. That Defendant Cliff Hudson's Answer to Amended Complaint Filed August 2, 2012 [#279], filed April 3, 2014, is STRICKEN; and
3. That Mr. Hudson's Motion for Summary Judgment [#281], filed April 3, 2014, is DENIED.