The opinion of the court was delivered by: Magistrate Judge Craig B. Shaffer
This civil action came before the court on January 31, 2006 for a status conference. Pursuant to the General Order of Reference dated September 30, 2005 (doc. # 4) and the memoranda dated October 21, 2005 (doc. # 23), November 2, 2005 (doc. # 39), November 3, 2005 (doc. # 47), November 7, 2005 (docs. # 58 and # 59), November 8, 2005 (docs. # 56 and # 57), November 9, 2005 (docs. # 63, # 64, and # 65), November 18, 2005 (doc. # 74), and January 24, 2006 (doc. # 85), the motions addressed below were referred to the Magistrate Judge. The court hereby incorporates by reference the proceedings held in open court on January 31, 2006.
At a hearing held on December 5, 2005, the court granted Plaintiff Vogt's oral motion to file an amended complaint. The Amended Complaint (doc. # 82) was filed on January 20, 2006. The Amended Complaint omitted Sather from the caption. The Amended Complaint also omitted some of the Defendants named in the original Complaint, e.g., Agency of Credit Control, Inc., John W. Suthers, Apollo Credit Agency, Inc., Brian D. Milligan, Esq., 1776 Race L.L.C., Chase Manhattan Bank USA, N.A., and Darling, Bergstrom & Milligan, P.C., and Martin J. Hecker. The Amended Complaint supersedes the original complaint, rendering it of no legal effect and waiving all causes of action alleged in the original complaint but not alleged or incorporated into the amended complaint. See Davis v. TXO Production Corp., 929 F.2d 1515, 1517 (10th Cir. 1991) ("[i]t is well established that an amended complaint ordinarily supersedes the original and renders it of no legal effect") (internal quotations marks and citations omitted); King v. Atiyeh, 814 F.2d 565, 567 (9th Cir. 1987) (original complaint that was not incorporated into pro se litigants' unsolicited amended complaint was properly ignored); Davenport v. Saint Mary Hospital, 633 F. Supp. 1228, 1239 (E.D. Pa. 1986) (court declined to address issue plaintiff did not allege in amended complaint that superseded original complaint); Boelens v. Redman Homes, Inc., 759 F.2d 504, 508 (5th Cir. 1985) (an amended complaint supersedes a prior complaint "unless the amended complaint specifically refers to or adopts the earlier pleading"); 6 Charles Alan Wright, Arthur R. Miller & Mary Kay Kane, Federal Practice & Procedure § 1476 (2d ed. 1990) ("A pleading that has been amended . . . supersedes the pleading it modifies. . . . Once an amended pleading is interposed, the original pleading no longer performs any function in the case. . . .").
On January 20, 2005, Plaintiff Sather filed his "Motion to Dismiss Plaintiff Sather," seeking "to dismiss his claims and no longer list Sather as a co-plaintiff in this case." (See doc. # 84 at ¶ 1). "Rule 41(a)(1) provides that 'an action may be dismissed by the plaintiff without order of court (I) by filing a notice of dismissal at any time before service by the adverse party of an answer or of a motion for summary judgment.' " Janssen v. Harris, 321 F.3d 998, 1000 (10th Cir. 2003). "The filing of a notice of dismissal pursuant to Rule 41(a)(1)(I) does not require an order of the court." Janssen, 321 F.3d at 1000 (citation omitted). See also Marex Titanic, Inc. v. The Wrecked & Abandoned Vessel, 2 F.3d 544, 546 (4th Cir. 1993) (stating voluntary dismissal is "self-executing, i.e., it is effective at the moment the notice is filed with the clerk and no judicial approval is required"). While Defendants have filed various motions, no Defendant has filed an answer. Only Defendant Agency of Credit Control, Inc. filed a motion in the alternative for summary judgment. As Defendant Agency of Credit Control, Inc. has been omitted from the Amended Complaint, it is no longer a Defendant in this case and its motion is moot. Thus, the "Motion to Dismiss Plaintiff Sather" may properly be treated as a notice of dismissal pursuant to Rule 41(a)(1)(I), voluntarily dismissing Plaintiff Sather from this civil action.
Accordingly, IT IS ORDERED that:
1. Defendant Agency of Credit Control, Inc.'s Motion to Dismiss Plaintiffs' Complaint Pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(1), or in the Alternative for Summary Judgment (filed October 13, 2005) (doc. # 12) is MOOT.
2. Defendant Thomas Moore's Motion to Dismiss Party (filed October 18, 2005) (doc. # 17) is MOOT.
3. Defendant John W. Suthers and State of Colorado's Motion to Dismiss for Lack of Subject Matter Jurisdiction and for Failure to State a Claim for Relief (filed October 21, 2005) (doc. # 22) is MOOT.
4. The Motion to Dismiss Claims Against Defendant Apollo Credit Agency Pursuant to F.R.C.P. Rule 12(b)(1) and (6), or in the Alternative, Motion for More Definite Statement as to Claims Against Apollo Credit Agency and Motion to Separate Trials (filed November 1, 2005) (doc. # 32) is MOOT.
5. The Motion to Dismiss filed by Defendants Brian D. Milligan, Esq., and Darling, Bergstrom & Milligan, P.C. on November 3, 2005 (doc. # 41) is MOOT.
6. Defendant Argus Health Systems, Inc.'s Motion for Extension of Time to Answer or Otherwise Respond to the Complaint (filed November 7, 2005) (doc. # 50) is MOOT.
7. Defendant Martin J. Hecker's Motion to Dismiss Pursuant to F.R.C.P. 12(b)(1) and F.R.C.P. 12(b)(6) (filed November 7, 2005) (doc. # 52) is MOOT.
8. Defendant 1776 Race L.L.C.'s Motion for Extension of Time to Respond to Complaint (filed November 7, 2005) (doc. # 53) is MOOT.
9. Defendant Chase Manhattan Bank USA, N.A.'s Motion for Enlargement of Time in Which to Respond to the Complaint (filed ...