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MISSOURI v. NEBRASKA NEBRASKA V. MISSOURI

December 19, 1904

MISSOURI
v.
NEBRASKA

NEBRASKA
v.
MISSOURI



IN EQUITY. ON BILL AND CROSS BILL

Fuller, Harlan, Brewer, Brown, White, Peckham, McKenna, Holmes, Day

[ 197 U.S. Page 577]

THIS cause coming on for final decree, in pursuance of the opinion of this court filed herein on December 19, 1904, and the stipulation of the respective parties by their counsel filed herein on January 30, 1905, which said stipulation is in words and figures as follows, to wit:

"In the opinion of the court in the above-entitled cause, the order and finding of the court having been made as follows:

 "'It appears from the record that about the year 1898 the county surveyors of Nemaha County, Nebraska, and Atchison County, Missouri, made surveys of the abandoned bed of the Missouri River, ascertained the location of the original banks on either side, and to some extent marked the middle of the old channel. If the two States will agree upon these surveys

[ 197 U.S. Page 578]

     and locations as correctly marking the original banks of the river and the middle of the old channel, the court will, by decree, give effect to that agreement; or, if either State desires a new survey, the court will order one to be made and will cause monuments to be placed so as to permanently mark the boundary lines between the two States. The disposition of the case by final decree is postponed for forty days, in order that the court may be advised as to the wishes of the parties in respect to these details.'

"In pursuance whereof now come the parties hereto by their respective counsel and agree that the said surveys made by the county surveyors of Nemaha County, Nebraska, and Atchison County, Missouri, as reported by the Commissioners and set forth in the opinion of the court, constitute and be correct boundary lines between the said States, the same constituting the middle of the old channel of Missouri River as found by said court in its opinion.

"It is further agreed between the parties hereto that the monuments marking said boundary line established by the said county surveyors of said counties are not of a permanent character, and many of them have become destroyed or removed, and that in order to mark a permanent boundary line it is necessary and is deemed best that permanent monuments be erected at regular intervals on said line in such manner as will quiet all dispute in reference to said boundary.

"It is further agreed that said permanent monuments can be best established under the supervision of the Commissioners heretofore appointed by the court, to wit, Alfred Hazlett and John W. Halliburton, and it is therefore requested by the parties to this cause that the court, by a proper order, direct and require said Commissioners to establish or cause to be established under their direction such permanent monuments as may by them be deemed necessary in the premises and in accordance with the order of the court heretofore made, and make a report to the court of their acts and doings therein. In the execution of their powers herein said Commissioners

[ 197 U.S. Page 579]

     shall have authority to employ such surveyors and other assistants and procure such material as may be necessary in the establishment of the permanent monuments, marking said boundary line in accordance with the opinion of the court heretofore rendered and this agreement.

"It is further agreed that said Commissioners for their services herein shall receive such compensation as may be agreed upon by the respective parties, and if the parties are unable to agree, then such as may be fixed by the court after the services have been performed and due report thereon made.

"On account of the unfavorable condition of the weather during the winter months and of the character of the ground during the spring months, the parties hereto respectfully request the court that said Commissioners be granted until the First day of May, 1905, in which to make their report.

STATE OF MISSOURI, Complainant, By EDWARD C. CROW, Attorney General.

SAM B. JEFFRIES, Assistant Attorney General.

STATE OF NEBRASKA, Defendant, By F. N. PROUT, Attorney General."

And on motion of Herbert S. Hadley, Attorney General of the State of Missouri, counsel for said complainant, that a decree be entered in this cause in accordance with said opinion and stipulation:

It is now here ordered, adjudged and decreed by this court that the middle of the channel of the Missouri River, according to its course as it was prior to the avulsion of July 5, 1867, is and shall be the true boundary line between Missouri and Nebraska, and that said boundary line is indicated upon and shown by the following plat:

[ 197 U.S. Page 580]

     And that said boundary line is more particularly shown and described by the following eleven sectional survey maps, with the field notes descriptive of each of said sectional maps and surveys:

Defendant's Exhibit "E."

FIELD NOTES.

No. of Survey Date February 25th to March 29th 1895

Survey for Nemaha county Nebraska

At request of the Board of County Commissioners

Chainmen sworn W. T. Hacker and H. D. Hacker

Point established divis. of Accretions to Sec. 35, Twp. 7 N, Rng. 15 E, 6th P.M.

Commencing at the meander corner, on the Nebraska bank of the Old Missouri River bed where the Township line between Townships 6 and 7 North of Range 15 East of the 6th Principal Meridian in Nebraska intersects with the Old Missouri River bed and at a point 9.10 chaines West of the South East corner of Section 35 and South West corner of Section 36 in Township 7 North, of Range 15 East of the 6th Principal Meridian in Nebraska, and run thence N 47 degrees W at 40.00 chaines set a random stake for half way and at 82.88 chaines came to a meander corner on the Missouri bank of the Old Missouri river bed. This line run in connection with D.A. Quick Surveyor of Atchison county Missouri. Correcting back we corrected the random stake set at 40.00 chaines to 41.44 chaines for the half way or dividing line between Missouri and Nebraska and set a Limestone 7x12x25 inches square. Marked M. and N. Whole distance across 82.88 chaines. Half the distance across 41.44 chaines.

And Commencing at the quarter section corner on the West line of Section 36 and East line of Section 35 in Township 7 North, of Range 15 East of the 6th Principal Meridian in Nebraska, it being on the Nebraska bank of the Old Missouri

[ 197 U.S. Page 581]

     River bed and run thence N 67 degrees W and at 32.52 chaines set a random stake for half way and at 66.00 chaines came out 88 links South of the corner on the Missouri bank of the Old Missouri River bed. This line was run in connection with D.A. Quick County Surveyor of Atchison county Missouri. Adjusting our bearing to N 66 degrees 15 minutes W we corrected back and corrected the random stake set at 32.52 chaines to 33.00 chaines 48 links west and 44 links North of the random stake and on a direct line, and we set a Limestone 8x11x44 inches square for the dividing line between Missouri and Nebraska marked M and N

Whole distence across 66.00 chaines.

Half the distence across 33.00 chaines.

[ 197 U.S. Page 582]

     []

[ 197 U.S. Page 583]

     SURVEYOR'S RECORD.

FIELD NOTES.

No. of Survey Date May 15th to 20th 1890

Sur vey for J. B. Shields

At request of J. B. Shields

Chainmen sworn Marton Lamb and W. Barrenger

Point established corners to Lots 1 & 2 &c Sec. 35, Twp. 7, Rng. 15 E, 6th P.M.

Commenced at the North East corner of section 35 T 7 N of R 15 E and run thence South and at 6.58 chaines came to North Bank of old River Shute the SE. cor. of Lot 1 in Sec. 35, and at 4.20 chaines on South bank of Old River Shoot at the NE cor. of Lot 2 in Sec. 35 and at 40.00 chaines set a stone 6x6x12 inches square for the quarter Sec. corner on the East line of Sec. 35, the SE. cor. of Lot 2 in Sec. 35. And at 80.00 chaines set a stone 6x10x16 inches square for South East corner of Sec. 35, T 7 R 15 E Nemaha County Nebraska. Then commencing at the North East corner of Sec 35, T 7, R 15 E. and running thence West 6.12 chaines to the East bank of old River Shute, the NW. cor. of Lot 1, in Sec. 35. Thence West 3.10 chaines to the West bank of old River Shute the NE. corner of Lot 2 in Sec. 35, thence West 8.00 chaines to the old bank of the Missouri River Set a Stone 6x8x10 inches square for the NW. cor. of Lot 2 in Sec. 35, and for the bank of the Old Missouri River in Nebraska.

Survey of the Accretion to Lot 2 in Sec. 35, T 7, R 15 E in Nebraska.

Commencing at a stone 6x8x10 inches square, set for the NW. cor. of Lot 2 in Sec 35, T 7, R 15 E. the Nebraska bank of the old Missouri River bed, and running thence S 78 degrees 30 minutes W 42.00 chaines to the opposite bank of the old Missouri River bed in Missouri as designated by B.F. Rummerfield County

[ 197 U.S. Page 584]

     Surveyor of Atchison County, Missouri. Then correcting and setting a stake 3 inches square at the half way point and for the NW. cor. of the Accretion to Lot 2 in Sec. 35, T 7, R 15 E in Nemaha Co. Neb. Said stake witnessed by a Cottonwood tree 9 inches in diameter beares N 49 degrees 30 minutes W 24 links distant. And by a Cottonwood tree 11 inches in diameter beares N 19 E 32 links distant.

Then commencing at quarter section corner stone on the bank of the old Missouri River bead in Nebraska. Running thence N 67 degrees W 65.05 chaines to the opposite bank of the old Missouri River bed on the Missouri State side of the old River bed. Then correcting and setting a stake & stone at 32.52 1/2 chaines for the half way line and the South West corner of the Accretions to Lot 2 in Sec. 35 town. 7 Range 15 East in Nemaha County Nebraska.

[ 197 U.S. Page 585]

     []

[ 197 U.S. Page 586]

     SURVEYOR'S RECORD.

FIELD NOTES.

No. of Survey Date May 13th to 20th 1890

Survey for D. P. Holley and J. C. Roberts.

At request of D. P. Holley and J. C. Roberts.

Chainmen sworn Marton Lamb and W. Barrenger

Point established Lots 1, 2 & 3 &c. in Sec. 26, Twp. 7, Rng. 15 E. 6th P.M.

Commencing at the SE. cor. of Sec. 26 T 7 R 15 E in Nemaha Co. Neb. and running thence North, at 20.00 chaines set a stake for East line of Lot 2 in Sec. 26, at 40.00 chaines found quartersection corner post at SE. cor. Lot 1 & NE cor of Lot 2 set by the Government, at 60.00 chaines set stake for East line of Lot 1 and at 73.90 chaines set stake for NE. cor. of Lot 1 and at bank of Missouri River in Nebraska. And from this line as a base we run lines West to find the old Missouri River bank on the Nebraska side, By First Commencing at the stake set at the 60.00 chaines North of SE. cor. of Sec 26, Running thence West 16.50 chaines for bank of river setting a stake 3 inches square. Then commencing at the quarter section corner on the East line of Sec 26. and running thence West 21.45 chaines setting stake 3 inches square for SW. cor. of Lot 1 in Sec 26 and NW cor to Lot 2 in Sec 26, which contains by Government Survey 52.70 Acres.

Then commencing at the stake 20.00 chaines North of the SE. cor. of Sec. 26, and on the East line of Lot 2 in Sec 26, and running thence West at 7.24 chaines, came to East bank of the River Shute the West line of Lot 2, Sec. 26, then at 11.34 chaines came to the West bank of the River Shute the East line of Lot 3 in Sec 26. Thence at 26.84 chaines set a stake for River bank and for the West line of Lot 3 in Sec 26.

Then commencing at the SE. corner of Sec 26 T 7 R 15 E in Nebraska, Running thence West and at 6.12 ch. came to

[ 197 U.S. Page 587]

     the East bank of the River Shute and the SW. cor. of Lot 2 in Sec. 26, Lot 2 contains 42.00 Acres and at 9.22 chaines came to West bank of the River Shute and the SE corner of Lot 3 in Sec. 26, and at 17.22 chaines set a stone 6x8x10 in. sqr. for SW. cor. of Lot 3 on Old River line in Sec. 26, T 7 R 15 E. Lot 3 contains 30.80 Acres per Government survey. Survey of Accretions in Sec. 26 T 4 R 15 E in old River bed dividing the Accretions between Lots 1, 2 and 3 in Sec 26, T 7 R 15 E and Dividing between Nebraska and Missouri, and between the parties above named. Then commencing at a stone 6x8x10 inches square set for meander line and at SE cor. of Accretions to Lot 3 in Sec 26 And running thence S 78 degrees 30 minutes West 42.00 chaines to the opposite Meander bank of Missouri River in Missouri as designated by B.F. Rummerfield County Surveyor of Atchison County Missouri. Then correcting back at 21.00 ch. set stake 3 inches sqr. for Division line ...


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