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BROWN v. RANK.

decided: November 25, 1889.

BROWN
v.
RANK.



APPEAL FROM THE SUPREME COURT OF THE TERRITORY OF WASHINGTON.

Author: Fuller

[ 132 U.S. Page 217]

 MR. CHIEF JUSTICE FULLER delivered the opinion of the court.

Appellants commenced a possessory action, in the nature of ejectment, against appellee, in the District Court of the Second Judicial District of Washington Territory, by complaint in the ordinary form. To this the defendant filed an answer, denying title in plaintiffs, and otherwise equivalent to the plea of not guilty; and in addition pleaded affirmatively four defences, setting up, among other things, the ten years' statute of limitations upon actions for the recovery of real property. §§ 25, 26, Code Wash. Ter. 1881, 39. The fourth affirmative defence was addressed to the judge of the District Court, and alleged a variety of facts constituting, appellants contended, an equitable defense, if any at all, which they denied.

The plaintiffs filed a demurrer in these words:

"And now come the plaintiffs and demur to the second, third and fourth separate answers and defences of defendant herein, for the reason that they do not state facts sufficient to constitute a defence to this action."

This demurrer was disposed of, and judgment rendered as follows:

"This case coming on for hearing upon demurrer to the answer, and having been submitted to the court on briefs of counsel of plaintiffs and defendant, and the court, having fully considered the questions presented by the pleadings on file in this case, overrules the demurrer to the answer; to which ruling or decision the counsel for plaintiffs then excepted and gave notice of his intention to appeal; and the counsel for plaintiffs having elected to stand upon the ruling of the court upon said demurrer, and not to reply or further plead to the

[ 132 U.S. Page 218]

     answer, the case is now here dismissed with costs against the plaintiffs, to be taxed, and that execution issue therefor. Whereupon counsel for plaintiffs excepted and gave notice of appeal to the Supreme Court."

Appeal was accordingly prosecuted to the Territorial Supreme Court, under the act of the Territory "in relation to the removal of causes to the Supreme Court," approved November 23, 1883. Laws Wash. Ter. 1883, 59. It was held in Breemer v. Burgess, 2 Wash. Ter. 290, that this act was cumulative and complete within itself, and did not repeal §§ 458, 459 and 460 of the Code of 1881, relating to appeals and writs of error (Code Wash. Ter. 1881, 114), and that cases might be brought up to the Supreme Court of the Territory, either by the procedure prescribed in the Code or that in the statute of 1883. The Code provided for service of a notice of appeal or writ of error, which should contain, among other things, in case of appeal, "a particular description of every decision, ruling, order or decree," by which appellant claimed to have been aggrieved, and which he relied upon as ground for reversal or modification; and "in case of a writ of error, a particular description of the errors assigned." These requisitions were omitted in the act of 1883, but at its July term of that year the Supreme Court adopted a rule, which required, in all law causes brought up under that act, an assignment of errors to be made in writing, filed and served, substantially as provided for in section 458 of the Code.

No assignment having been made, the appeal was dismissed for non-compliance with the rule in that particular, Brown v. Hazard, 2 Wash. Ter. 464, and the case comes before us on appeal from the judgment of dismissal.

As the rule did not require such assignment in an equity cause, the question passed upon was whether this cause should be held as one in equity or at law, and the court decided that it was the latter.

The act of Congress of April 7, 1874, 18 Stat. 27, c. 80, "concerning the practice in Territorial courts and appeals therefrom," provided that it ...


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