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FARMERS' FRIEND MANUFACTURING COMPANY v. CHALLENGE CORN-PLANTER COMPANY.

decided: December 10, 1888.

FARMERS' FRIEND MANUFACTURING COMPANY
v.
CHALLENGE CORN-PLANTER COMPANY.



APPEAL FROM THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE UNITED STATES FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN.

Author: Gray

[ 128 U.S. Page 506]

 MR. JUSTICE GRAY delivered the opinion of the court.

This is an appeal from a decree dismissing a bill in equity for the infringement of letters patent, issued August 10, 1880, and reissued July 11, 1882, for improvements in corn-planters. 23 Fed. Rep. 42.

The drawings referred to in the two patents were alike. So

[ 128 U.S. Page 507]

     much of the specifications as related to the matter in controversy differed as shown below, the words of the original patent omitted in the reissue being printed in brackets, and those inserted in the reissue printed in italics.

"My invention relates to an improvement in the corn-planters of the class employing a main frame mounted on wheels, which main frame is combined with a runner-frame in front, and so attached to the main frame that it may be either a rigid or yielding planter, and also employing cone-gears and driving-chains to actuate the dropping mechanism for planting, and adapted to be used either as a rigid or yielding planter.

"My improvement consists, first, in the arrangement of a lifting hand-lever [mounted upon a shaft and] connected to [the] a foot-lever [centrally] which is pivoted to the main frame, the forward end of which lever is hinged to the runner-frame, [and] the several parts being so arranged that the runner-frame may be controlled by either the hand-lever or foot-lever, or both, at the will of the operator.

"My invention further consists in combining with the hand-lever [being combined with] detachable fastening devices, so as to be set in proper position to form a rigid planter, and so that the fastening devices can be dispensed with, and the hand and foot levers used to control the operation of the machine, when used as a yielding planter."

"In the accompanying drawings, Fig. 1 is a side elevation, partly in section, of a corn-planter embodying the first features of my invention. Fig. 2 is a front elevation, partly in section, of the same. Fig. 3 is a broken plan view, partly in section, showing the connection between the hand and foot levers."

"d represents a shaft journaled at one end [to] in the main frame and at the other to the seat-standard.

"c' represents the journal-bracket at the seat-standard, the foot-lever F being rigidly connected to and journaled on [the] shaft d.

"D represents a hand-lever rigidly [attached to] connected to the foot-lever by shaft d, or ...


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